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Canadian Historic Sites: Occasional Papers in Archaeology and History No. 26

Grubstake to Grocery Store: Supplying the Klondike, 1897-1907

by Margaret Archibald


Adney, Tappan

The Klondike Stampede Harper Brothers, New York, 1900.

Alaska Commercial Company

To the Klondike Gold Fields, and Other Point of Interest in Alaska San Francisco, 1898.

Angle, Paul M.

"My Father's Grocery Store." American Heritage, Vol. 14, No. 5 (Aug. 1963), pp. 34-37. New York.

Armstrong, Nevill Alexander Drummond

Yukon Yesterdays: Thirty Years of Adventure on the Klondike. Personal Memories of the Famous Klondike Gold Rush, First-Hand Accounts of Lucky Strikes, Stories of Dawson in the Wild 'Nineties, Together with Adventures in Mining, Exploring and Big-Game Hunting in the Unknown Sub-Arctic. J. Long, London, 1936.

Artherton, Lewis E.

The Frontier Merchant in Mid-America Univ. of Missouri Press [Columbia, Mo.], 1971. University of Missouri Studies No. 55.

Avery, Mary W.

"The Mart A. Howard Klondike Collection." Pacific Northwest Quarterly Vol. 50 (1959), pp. 53-62. Seattle.

Baird, Andrew

Sixty Years on the Klondike, facsimile. Gordon Black, Vancouver, 1965.

Baird, Andrew and Victoria A.B. Faulkner

"The Yukon." Manuscript on file, National Historic Parks and Sites Branch, Parks Canada, Ottawa, n.d.

Bankson, Russell Arden

The Klondike Nugget Caxton Printers, Caldwell, Idaho, 1935.

Berton, Laura Beatrice

I Married the Klondike Little, Brown, Boston, 1954.

Berton, Pierre

Klondike: The Life and Death of the Last Great Gold Rush McClelland and Stewart, Toronto, 1961.

Black, Martha Louise Purdy

My Seventy Years, by Mrs. George Black As Told to Elizabeth Bailey Prince Thomas Nelson and Sons, London, 1938.

Boillot, Léon

Aux mines d'or du Klondike: du Lac Bennett à Dawson City Hachette, Paris, 1899.

Campbell, Hannah

Why Did They Name It . . .? Fleet Publishing, New York, 1964.

Canada. Board of Inquiry Into the Cost of Living.

Report of the Board . . . King's Printer, Ottawa, 1915. 2 vols. Vol. 1.

Canada. Department of Consumer and Corporate Affairs.

Trade Marks Registry, Trade Marks and Design Act. Roneo Index to the Trade Mark and Design Act.

Canada. Department of the Interior.

The Yukon Territory, Its History and Resources . . ., 1907, 1909. King's Printer, Ottawa, 1907, 1909.

Canada. North-West Mounted Police.

Report . . ., 1894-1905. Queen's Printer, Ottawa, 1895-1906.

Canada. Parks Canada. National Historic Parks and Sites Branch.

Programme for the Dawson Amateur Operatic Society's production of H.M.S. Pinafore, Dawson, 1902.

Canada. Parliament. House of Commons.

Sessional Papers. Queen's Printer, Ottawa, 1899-1907.

Canada. Public Archives. Manuscript Division.

MG26, G1(a), Laurier papers.
MG27, II, B1, Minto papers.
MG29, 838, Benjamin F. Chapman diaries.
MG29, C3, George Coffey papers.
MG29, C4, Joseph-Charles Dube, "Voyage to Klondike," 1895.
MG29, C6, Ella Hall, "Trip to the Klondike.
MG29, C19, Alden R. Smith letterbook.
MG29, C20, John G. McJury diary, 1898-99.
MG29, C24, Charles Mosier diary, 1898-99.
MG30, C2, Constantine papers, Vols. 1 and 4.
MG30, E13, F.C. Wade Papers, Alaska, Vol. 1.
MG30, I11, H.G. Woodside papers.
RG16, A4, Vol. 18.
RG16, AS, Vol. 45.
RG85, Northern Administration Branch, Vol. 420.

Canada. Public Archives. Map Division.

Bird's eye view of Dawson, Yukon Territory, 1903.

Canada. Public Archives. Picture Division.

National Photography Collection, McLennan Album.

Canada. Public Archives. Public Records Division.

Yukon Territorial Records.

Canadian Grocer

1897-1905. Toronto.

Careless, J.M.S.

"Frontierism, Metropolitanism and Canadian History." Canadian Historical Review, Vol. 35 (1954), pp. 1-21. Toronto.

Carson, Gerald

The Old Country Store Oxford Univ. Press, New York, 1954.

Chicago Record

Klondike; The Chicago Record's Book for Goldseekers. . . . Chicago Record, Chicago, 1897.

Coats, R.H.

Wholesale Prices in Canada, 1890-1909 Inclusive; Special Report Report for the Department of Labour. Government Printing Bureau, Ottawa, 1910.

Crandall and Godley Company

Bakers", Confectioners", Ice Cream Makers', and Caterers" Supplies, Tools, Fixtures and Machinery N.p., New York, 1897.

Daily Colonist (Victoria)


Dales, John Harkness

The Protective Tariff in Canada's Development; Eight Essays on Trade and Tariffs When Factors Move, with Special Reference to Canadian Protectionism, 1870-1955. Univ. of Toronto Press [Toronto], 1966.

Dawson Daily News


Dawson Hardware Company

Catalogue No. 1, Vol. 1 (1903). Dawson, Yukon Territory.

Dill, W.S. (pseud.)

The Long Day; Reminiscences of the Yukon. Graphic Publishers, Ottawa, 1926.

Dominion Glass Company

Packers' Glassware; Catalogue No. 11. N.p., Montreal, n.d. 2 vols.

Dyer, E. Jerome

The Routes and Mineral Resources of North Western Canada. George Philip, London, 1898.

Eaton's of Canada Limited, Archives

The T. Eaton Company Limited Catalogue Toronto, 1898-1905. The T. Eaton Company Limited Grocery Catalogue. Winnipeg, 1907-9.

Edwards, William Seymour

Into the Yukon. Robert Clarke, Cincinnati, 1904.

Ferguson, Marian L.

Dawson City, Yukon Territory and Alaska Directory and Gazetteer, 1901. N.p., n.p., 1901.

Gates, Charles M.

"Human Interest Notes on Seattle and the Alaskan Gold Rush." Pacific Northwest Quarterly Vol. 34 (1943), pp. 205-11. Seattle.

Glazebrook, G.P. de T., ed.

A Shopper's View of Canada's Past; Pages from Eaton's Catalogues, 1886-1930 Univ. of Toronto Press, Toronto [1969].

Graves, S.H.

On the "White-Pass" Pay-Roll, by the President of the White Pass & Yukon Route Lakeside Press, Chicago, 1908.

Greever, William St. Clair

The Bonanza West: the Story of the Western Mining Rushes, 1848-1900 Univ. of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma, 1963.

Hayne, M.H.E.

Pioneers of the Klondyke; Being an Account of Two Years Police Service on the Yukon, Narrated by M.H.E. Hayne . . . and Recorded by H. West Taylor. Sampson, Low, Marston, London, 1897.

Heaton, Ernest, ed.

Heaton's Commercial Handbook of Canada [Title and publisher vary], Toronto, 1905, 1906 and 1913.

Heilprin, Angelo

Alaska and the Klondike, a Journey to the New Eldorado with Hints to the Traveller C.A. Pearson, London, 1899.

Helper, Rose

"The Yukon Gold Rush; a Study in Social Disorganization and Reorganization." Ph.D. dissertation, Univ. of Toronto, 1945.

Hitchcock, Mary E.

Two Women in the Klondike; the Story of a Journey to the Gold-Fields of Alaska. G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York, 1899.

Innes-Taylor, Alan

"The Early History of Forty Mile and The Yukon." Unpublished manuscript in author's possession.

Innis, Harold A.

Settlement and the Mining Frontier, Vol. 9 of Canadian Frontiers of Settlement W.A. Mackintosh and W.L.G. Joerg, eds. Macmillan, Toronto, 1936. 9 vols.

Israel, Fred L., ed.

1897 Sears Roebuck Catalogue, reprint. Chelsea House Publishers, New York, 1968.

Johnson, Laurence A.

Over the Counter and on the Shelf: Country Storekeeping in America, 1620-1920 Ed. Marcia Ray. Charles E. Tuttle, Rutland, Vt., 1961.

Kirk, Robert C.

Twelve Months in Klondike. William Heinemann, London, 1899.

Kitchener, Lois Delano

Flag Over the North: The Story of the Northern Commercial Company. Superior Publishing, Seattle, 1954.

Kitto, Franklin Hugo

Yukon, Land of the Klondike. 2nd ed. King's Printer, Ottawa, 1930.

Klondike Nugget

Semi-weekly and daily editions, 1898-1903.

Ladue, Joseph

Klondyke Facts, Being a Complete Guide Book to the Great Gold Regions of the Yukon and Klondyke, and the North West Territories John Lovell and Sons, Montreal, 1897.

Lawrence, Guy

40 Years on the Yukon Telegraph Mitchell Press, Vancouver, 1965.

Leonard, John W.

The Gold Fields of the Klondike; Fortune Seeker's Guide to the Yukon Region of Alaska and British America; the Story as Told by Ladue, Berry, Phiscator and Other Gold Finders T. F. Unwin, London, 1897.

Lotz, James Robert

Northern Realities: The Future of Northern Development New Press, Toronto, 1972.

Lugrin, Charles Henry, comp.

Yukon Gold Fields. Map Showing Routes from Victoria, B. C., to the Various Mining Camps on the Yukon River and Its Branches. Mining Regulations of the Dominion Government and Forms of Application, Together with Table of Distances, Extracts from Mr. Ogilvie's Reports and Other Information. . . . Colonist Printing and Publishing, Victoria, B.C., 1897.

Lynch, Jeremiah

Three Years in the Klondike Reprint ed. Ed. Dale L. Morgan. R.P. Donnelly and Sons, Chicago, 1967.

MacDonald, Norbert

"The Business Leaders of Seattle, 1880-1910." Pacific Northwest Quarterly Vol. 50 (1959), pp. 1-13. Seattle. "Seattle, Vancouver and the Klondike." Canadian Historical Review, Vol. 49 (1968), pp. 234-46. Toronto.

MacGowan, Michael

The Hard Road to Klondike, trans. from Irish by Valentin Iremonger. Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, 1962.

MacGregor, James Grierson

The Klondike Rush Through Edmonton, 1897-98 McClelland and Stewart, Toronto [1970].

MacPherson, Mary-Etta

Shopkeepers to the Nation: The Eatons. McClelland and Stewart, Toronto, 1963.

McLain, John Scudder

Alaska and the Klondike. McClure, Phillips, New York, 1905.

Mathews, Richard

The Yukon Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, 1968.

Matthews, William, comp.

Canadian Diaries and Autobiographers. Univ. of California Press, Berkley, 1950.

Mizony, Paul T.

"Gold-Rush — A Boy's Impression of the Stampede Into the Klondike During the Days of 1898." Manuscript on file, Dawson Museum, Dawson, Y.T., 1956.

Moberly, Walter, comp. and ed.

Eight Routes to the Klondyke. With Tables of Distances, Cost of Outfits, Maps of Routes, and Other Information Colonist Printing and Publishing, Winnipeg, 1898.

Morgan, Murray

One Man's Gold Rush: A Klondike Album Univ. of Washington Press, Seattle [1967].

Morrison, David Robert

"The Politics of the Yukon Territory: 1898-1908." M.A. thesis, Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, 1964.

Nichols, Jeanette Paddock

"Advertising and the Klondike." Washington Historic Quarterly Vol. 13 (1922), pp. 20-26. Seattle.


"Special Klondike Issue." Vol. 9 (1962). Ottawa.

Ogilvie, William

Early Days on the Yukon & the Story of Its Gold Finds Thorburn and Abbott, Ottawa, 1913.

The Klondike Official Guide. Canada's Great Great Gold Fields, the Yukon . . . with Regulations Governing Placer Mining Hunter, Rose, Toronto, 1898.

Oswalt, Wendall H.

"Alaska Commercial Company Records." Manuscript on file, Register, Univ. of Alaska Library, 1967.

Overland to Klondike, Through Cariboo, Ominica, Cassiar and Lake Teslin. The Poor Man's Route, 1898

British Columbia Mining Journals, Ashcroft, B.C., 1898.

Polk, R.L. and Company

Alaska-Yukon Gazetteer and Business Directory R.L. Polk and Company, Seattle, 1902-3, 1907-8, 1909-10, 1911-12. Title varies.

Prendergast, James

"Ring Reminiscences," The Guardian (11 October 1952). Charlottetown.

Price, Julius

From Euston to Klondike; The Narrative of a Journey Through British Columbia and the North-West Territory in the Summer of 1898. . .. S. Low, Marston, London, 1898.

Le Prix Courant

Vol. 39, No. 42 (Oct. 1906). Montreal.

Rickard, Thomas Arthur

Through the Yukon and Alaska Mining and Scientific Press, San Francisco, 1909.

Ross, Victor

A History of the Canadian Bank of Commerce, with an Account of the Other Banks which Now Form Part of Its Organization Oxford Univ. Press, Toronto, 1920-34. 3 vols. Vol. 2.

Roy, Patricia

"Railways, Politicians and the Development of the City of Vancouver as a Metropolitan Centre, 1886-1929." M.A. thesis, Univ. of Toronto, 1963.

Saturday Night

"A Backward Glance: S6 Years Ago this Week." 13 Feb. 1954, p. 17. Toronto.

Seattle. Chamber of Commerce

A Few Facts About Seattle, the Queen City of the Pacific, 1900 Comp. A.C. Jackson. A.C. Jackson, Seattle, 1898.

Secretan, James Henry Edward

To Klondyke and Back; A Journey Down the Yukon From Its Source To Its Mouth . . . With Hints To Intending Prospectors. Hurst and Blackett, London, 1898.

Service, Robert

The Best of Robert Service McGraw-Hill Ryerson, Toronto [1953].

Shuffler, Neil F. and Emery W. Smith

"Terms of Purchase," in Committee on Retailing, Principles of Retailing Pitman, New York, 1955.

Slobodin, Richard

"The Dawson Boys" — Peel River Indians and the Klondike Gold Rush." Polar Notes, No. 5 (June 1963), pp. 24-36.

Sola, A.E. Ironmonger

Klondyke: Truth and Facts of the New El Dorado Mining and Geographical Institute, London [1897].

Steele, Samuel Bentfield

Forty Years in Canada; Reminiscences of the Great Northwest, with Some Account of his Service in South Africa. . . . Ed. Mollie Glenn Niblet. H. Jenkins, Toronto, 1915.

Stephenson, H.E.

The Story of Advertising in Canada: A Chronicle of Fifty Years Ryerson, Toronto, 1940.

Still, Robert R.

"Historical & Competitive Aspects of Grocery Wholesaling in Seattle, Washington." Ph.D. dissertation, Univ. of Washington, 1953.

The Grocer's Companion & Merchant's Handbook. Containing a Comprehensive Account of the Growth, Manufacture & Qualities of Every Article Sold by Grocers. Also, Tables of Weights and Measures and Information of a General Nature to Grocers and Country Merchants.

New England Grocer Office, Boston, 1883.

Thomson, William A.R., ed.

Black's Medical Dictionary 26th ed. A. and C. Black, London, 1965.

Tollemache, Stratford H.R.L.

Reminiscences of the Yukon Edward Arnold, London, 1912.

Tompkins, Stuart R.

"The Klondike Gold Rush — A Great International Venture." British Columbia Historical Quarterly Vol. 17 (1953), pp. 223-39. Victoria.

Toronto Globe


Trimmer, F. Mortimer, ed.

The Yukon Territory: The Narrative of W. H. Dall, Leader of the Expedition to Alaska in 1866-1868; The Narrative of an Exploration Made in 1887 in Yukon District by G. M. Dawson; Extracts From the Report of an Exploration Made in 1896-1897 by W. Ogilvie Downey, London, 1898.

Tyrell, Edith

I Was There: A Book of Reminiscences Ryerson, Toronto, 1938.

United States. Laws, Statutes, etc.

United States Code USGPO, Washington, D.C., 1941.

University of Toronto Archives

Dawson Board of Trade. Paystreak, No. 6, December 1899.

University of Washington, Seattle

Northwest Collection, Seattle Chamber of Commerce, Scrapbook Series 1, to 1915.

Vancouver World


Wade, F.C.

"Business Talk on the Yukon." Canadian Magazine, Vol. 19 (June 1902), pp. 25-31. Toronto.

Walden, Arthur Treadwell

A Dog-Puncher on the Yukon Louis Carrier, Montreal, 1928.

Weidemann, Thomas

Cheechaco Into Sourdough by Thomas Weidemann (The Klondike Kid) Binfords and Mort, Portland, Ore., 1942.

Wickett, S. Morley

"Yukon Trade: Report to the Canadian Manufacturers' Association on Trade Conditions and Prospects in the Yukon." Industrial Canada, Vol. 3 (1902), pp. 164-77. Toronto.

William's Official Directory Company

The William's Official British Columbia Directory 1897-98. William's British Columbia Directory, Victoria and Vancouver, 1897.

Wilson, Veazie

Guide to the Yukon Goldfields, Where They Are and How To Reach, Them. Calvert, Seattle, 1895.

Winslow, Kathryn

Big Pan-Out Norton, New York, 1951.

Woodside, Henry J.

"Dawson As It Is." Canadian Magazine, Vol. 17 (1901), pp. 403-13. Toronto.

Yukon Sun and Klondike Pioneer

The Dawson of To-Day Yukon Sun and Klondike Pioneer, Dawson, 1900.

Yukon Territory. Commissioner's Office.

The Yukon Territory: A Brief Presented to the Royal Commission on Canada's Economic Prospects, by F. H. Collins, Commissioner, at Edmonton, Alberta, on November 22, 1955 Queen's Printer, Ottawa, 1955.

Yukon Territory. Laws, Statutes, etc.

Ordinances of the Yukon Territory, 1898-1901. N.p. [Dawson] [1902]. The Consolidated Ordinances of the Yukon Territory 1902: Being a Consolidation of the Consolidated Ordinances of the North-West Territories, 1898, with the Subsequent Public General Ordinances of the Council of the Yukon Territory N.p. [Dawson], 1903.

Yukon Via Prince Albert

N.p., Prince Albert, Sask., 1898.

Zaslow, Morris

"The Yukon: Northern Development in a Canadian-American Context," in Canadian Historical Association Centennial Seminars, Regionalism in the Canadian Community, 1867-1967 Ed. Mason Wade. Univ. of Toronto Press. Toronto, 1969.

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