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Canadian Historic Sites: Occasional Papers in Archaeology and History No. 15

A History of Martello Towers in the Defence of British North America, 1796-1871

by Ivan J. Saunders

Appendix M. Fort Frederick Tower, Kingston

Built: 1846-47
Armed: 1862
Disarmed: date unknown
Demolished: (extant. 1972)
Facing material: limestone ashlar masonry
Diameter: 60 ft.
Height: 45 ft.
Wall thickness: 9 ft. to 15 ft.
Parapet height: 6 ft.
Storeys: three
Purpose: to serve as a barrack and keep to Fort Frederick; to function as an offensive sea battery; to sweep the Point Frederick shoreline.

53 Fort Frederick tower, 1871. (Photograph by author.)

54 Plan of Point Frederick showing the location of the fort and tower, 1870. (Public Archives of Canada.)

55 Plan of Fort Frederick and tower, 1859. (Public Archives of Canada.)

56 Fort Frederick tower, section and floor plans, 1846. (Public Archives of Canada.)

57 Fort Frederick tower, basement floor plan, 1846. (Public Archives of Canada.)

58 Fort Frederick tower, lower barrack floor plan, 1846. (Public Archives of Canada.)

59 Fort Frederick tower, upper barrack floor plan, 1846. (Public Archives of Canada.)

60 Fort Frederick tower, platform plan, illustrating the relationship of the tower to its caponiers and ditch, 1846. (Public Archives of Canada.)

61 Fort Frederick tower, section, 1846. (Public Archives of Canada.)

62 Fort Frederick tower, elevation, 1846. (Public Archives of Canada.)

63 Fort Frederick tower, plan and section of the platform, 1851. (Public Archives of Canada.)

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