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Canadian Historic Sites: Occasional Papers in Archaeology and History No. 15

A History of Martello Towers in the Defence of British North America, 1796-1871

by Ivan J. Saunders





Historical Background

The Era of Great Construction 1796-1815

     Prince of Wales Tower
     Fort Clarence Tower
     York Redoubt Tower
     Quebec Martello Towers
     Georges Island Tower
     Carleton Martello Tower
     Sherbrooke Tower

Stasis and Neglect: 1815-45

The Construction and Arming of the Kingston Towers: 1845-63

     Branch Ditch Towers
     Murney Tower
     Fort Frederick Tower
     Cedar Island Tower
     Shoal Tower

Decline and Obsolescence, 1846-71


Appendix A. Prince of Wales Tower, Halifax

Appendix B. Duke of Clarence's Tower (Fort Clarence Tower), Halifax

Appendix C. Duke of York's Tower (York Redoubt Tower), Halifax

Appendix D. Georges island Tower, Halifax

Appendix E. Sherbrooke Tower, Halifax

Appendix F. Carleton Tower, Saint John, N.B.

Appendix G. Tower No. 1, Quebec City

Appendix H. Tower No. 4, Quebec City

Appendix I. Tower No. 2, Quebec City

Appendix J. Tower No. 3, Quebec City

Appendix K. East and West Branch Ditch Towers, Kingston

Appendix L. Murney Tower, Kingston

Appendix M. Fort Frederick Tower, Kingston

Appendix N. Cedar island Tower, Kingston

Appendix O. Shoal Tower, Kingston



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