Canadian Historic Sites: Occasional Papers in Archaeology and History No. 14
The British Indian Department and the Frontier in North America, 1755-1830
by Robert S. Allen
Primary Sources, Unpublished
The most productive sources of information for the study of the
British Indian, Department in North America are the Manuscript and
Record Groups in the Public Archives of Canada.
MG11 contains the voluminous Colonial Office Papers. CO42 includes
original correspondence and enclosures from the governors, lieutenant
governors, and administrators of Quebec, Lower Canada, Upper Canada and
the Upper Provinces of Canada. The series covers the period from 1700 to
1909 and includes some interdepartmental correspondence and
miscellaneous communications. Volumes used have been cited throughout
MG12 Contains the War Office Papers, which were used sparingly here,
However, WO1, Vol. 14, the correspondence between Dorchester and Simcoe in
1794, and WO28, Vol. 10, Indian Department: Letters and Papers,
1775-1782, were of some use.
MG19 includes Fur Trade and Indians, 1763-1867, and in particular,
the Claus Papers, Vols. 1-19, were of interest.
MG21 contains the Haldimand Papers, Series B, which were of
inestimable value for the chapter concerned with the American
Revolution on the frontier. Volumes consulted include:
B38 Letters from Lord George Germaine and others to Carleton,
B39 Letters from Sir Guy Carleton, 1776-78, Vols. 1 and 2
B42 Letters from Haldimand to Germaine and the Treasury,
B45 Letters from English ministers, 1782-84
B50 Letters from English ministers, 1777-84
B54 Letters to English ministers, 1778-82, Vol. 1
B55 Letters to the ministry, 1780-82, Vol. 2
B56 Letters to the ministers, 1782-84, Vol. 3
B57-2 Register of letters to the ministry, 1780-84
B96-1, B96-2 Correspondence with officers commanding at
Michilimackinac and Niagara, 1777-83 (2 parts)
B99 Letters and
papers relating to the upper posts, 1778-82
B100, 8-101-2, 8102-3, B103-4 Letters from officers commanding
at Niagara, 1777-84
B104 Correspondence with officers at Niagara, 1777-84
MG24, A6, Peter Hunter Papers
In addition to the several Manuscript
Groups, Record Groups Band 19 were of considerable value.
RG8, C series, the military and naval records accumulated by the
British forces in Canada, were consulted, Vols. 247-71 relate to the
Indians of North America from 1767 to 1859.
RG10 includes Indian Affairs.
Vol. 4-8, 11-12 Journals of William and Guy Johnson,
Vol. 9 Correspondence of Sir William Johnson, 1756-72
Vols. 8-21 Records of the Office of the Superintendent
Vols. 140-74 Requisitions for presents required by officers of
the Indian Department, 1782-1853
Vols. 587-89 General orders to Sir John Johnson, 1814-30
The Burton Historical Collection, (Detroit Public Library) contains a
number of private papers which provided a wealth of information, for
this study. Of particular interest were:
George Ironside Papers, Letterbook No. 5
William Woodbridge Papers, Fort Malden, 1815
Silas Farmer Papers, Lewis Cass Letter, 1819
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