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Canadian Historic Sites: Occasional Papers in Archaeology and History No. 9

The Canadian Lighthouse

by Edward F. Bush


Primary Sources

Canada. Department of Marine and Fisheries.
Annual Reports, 1867-1936.

Canada. Department of Transport.
Annual Reports, 1936-1969.

Canada. Legislative Assembly.

Canada. Parliament.
Sessional Papers, 1867-1930.

Canada. Public Archives.
MG1 B. Lettres envoyées, 1663-1789.
C11B Correspondance générale, Ile Royale.
C11C, Amérique du Nord, 1661-70.

MG8, A18, Quebec Trinity House Minutes, 1805-10.

MG9, Al, New Brunswick, Executive Council, 1764-1867.

MG11, CO 42, Canada, Original Correspondence, 1642-1867.
Q Series, Canada, Original Correspondence, 1760-1841.
CO 188, New Brunswick, Original Correspondence, 1784-1867.
CO 194, Newfoundland, Original Correspondence, 1700-1909.
CO 217, Nova Scotia and Cape Breton, Original Correspondence, 1603-1867.
CO 220, Nova Scotia and Cape Breton, Original Correspondence, 1767-1869.
CO 226, Prince Edward Island Original, Correspondence, 1769-1873.
Nova Scotia A. Correspondence, 1603-1840.

RG1, E1, State Records of the Executive Council, Minute Books, 1764-1867.
E3, Upper Canada, State Papers, 1791-1840.

RG2, 1. Privy Council Office, Minutes and Orders of Council, 1867-99.
2. Privy Council Office. Records, 1867-1930.

RG4, S (formerly known as "Bound S"), Civil Secretary's Correspondence, Quebec, Lower Canada and Canada East, 1760-1840.
C1, Provincial Secretary's Numbered Correspondence. 1839-87.
C2, Provincial Secretary's Correspondence, Letter Books, Quebec, Lower Canada, 1765-71, 1812-19, 1828-65.

RG5, A1, Civil Secretary's Correspondence, Upper Canada, Sundries. 1766-1840.

RG7, G2, Despatches from the Colonial Office, 1794-1909.
G7, Despatches from Lieutenant Governors to Governors General. 1820-69.
G14, Miscellaneous Records. 1774-1914.

RG11, Department of Public Works, Records, Series I and III.

RG42, Department of Marina Records.

Lower Canada

Newfoundland. House of Assembly.

Upper Canada. House of Assembly.

Secondary Sources

AGA News
Aids to Navigation, 1969.

Anderson. William P.
"Modern Types of Danger Warnings on the Sea Coast." Unpubl. MS. N.p., n.d.

Bannister, J. A.
Long Point and Its Lighthouses. Univ. of Western Ontario, London, Oct., 1944.

Bird, Will R.
"Nova Scotia Has Many Lights." Canadian Geographical Journal, Vol. 54 (March 1957), pp. 90-103. Ottawa.

Bowen, John Poland
British Lighthouses, Longmans, Green, London, 1947.

Calladine, W. A.
"Lighthouses Along the St. Lawrence," Unpubl. MS. N.p., ibid.

Canada. Department of Marine and Fisheries,
Review of the Improvements in Lighthouse and Coast Service of Canada between 1896 and Year Ending 31 December 1903, King's Printer, Ottawa, 1904.

Canada. Department of Public Works.
Report of the Commissioner of Public Works for the Year Ending 30 June 1867, Hunter Rose, Ottawa, 1868.

Canada. Department of Transport.
List of Lights, Buoys and Fog Signals, Atlantic Coast and the Gulf and River St. Lawrence to Montreal, Pacific Coast and the Rivers and Lakes of British Columbia, Newfoundland including the Coastal Waters of Labrador, and Inland Waters West of Montreal and East of British Columbia, 1965, 1966, 1970 eds, Queen's Printer, Ottawa.

Canadian Economic Journal
1885, Montreal.

Corbin, T. W.
The Romance of Lighthouses, Seelay, London, 1926.

Corwin, Thomas
Report on the Trade and Commerce of the British North American Colonies with the United States and Other Countries, Printers to the Senate, Washington, 1851.

Encyclopaedia Britannica
11th ed., 14th ed. (1929), 1960 ed.

Encyclopaedia Canadiana
1966 ed. Grolier, Toronto.

Findlay, Alexander George
The British Navigator, A Sailing Directory for the Island and Banks of Newfoundland; the Gulf and River St. Lawrence; Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia; and the Coasts thence to Boston, 4th ed. Richard Holmes Laurie, London, 1872.

Great Britain. Admiralty Hydrographic Office.
Admiralty List of the Lights on the Coasts and Lakes of British North America Corrected to January 1864, Eyre and Spottiswoode, London, 1864.

Hawkins, Alfred
Quebec Directory and Strangers' Guide, W. Gowan and Son, Quebec, 1844.

Johnson, George
Alphabet of First Things in Canada, 3rd ad, Mortimer and Co., Ottawa, 1897.

McLennan, J. S.
Louisbourg, From Its Foundation to Its Fall, 1713-58. Macmillan, London, 1918.

MacMechan, Archibald
"Mary Crowell; The Heroine of Seal Island," Unpubl. M S. N. p., n.d.

Majdelany, Fred
The Red Rocks of Eddystone, Longmans, London, 1959.

North American Lights 1847
W. Clowes and Sons, London, 1847.

Oke, Robert
"Plans of the Several Light Houses in the Colony of Newfoundland," Unpubl. MS. N.p., n.d.

Permanent International Association of Navigational Congresses
Principal Advances Made Recently in Lighting, Beaconing and Signaling of Coasts, Brussels, 1923.

Phillips, Godfrey W.
Lighthouse and Lightship; And the Men Who Man the Trinity House Service, Robert Ross, London, n.d.

Powell, Henry J.
Glass-making in England, University Press, Cambridge, 1923.

Putnam, George R.
Sentinel of the Coasts. The Log of a Lighthouse Engineer, Morton and Co., N.Y., 1937.

Radford, J.
"Modern Lighthouses and Light-Vessels," Nautical Magazine, Vol. 169, No. 6 (June 1953), pp. 339-41. Glasgow.

Richardson, E.
We keep a Light, Ryerson Press, Toronto, 1945.

Ryder, Alfred P.
Heads of Inquiry into the State and Condition of Lighthouses, Harrison and Sons, London, 1864.

Santangini, Ernest
Fixed Structures to Replace Lightships, U.S.G.P.O., Washington, 1950.

Scott, George
Scott's New Coast Pilot for the Lakes, Containing a Complete List of all Lights, Lighthouses, Fog Signals and Buoys on American and Canadian Shores, 3d ed. Free Press, Detroit, 1890.

Smeaton, John
A Narrative of the Building and a Description of the Construction of the Eddystone Lighthouse with Stone, H. Hughes, London, 1791.

Stevens, John R.
"Lighthouses on the Great Lakes," Manuscript Report Series No. 94, Parks Canada, Ottawa.

Stevenson, D. Alan
The World's Lighthouses Before 1820, Oxford Univ. Press, London, 1959.

Tait, Thomas R.
Early History of Lighthouses with a Short Account of Lighthouse Legislation in the United Kingdom and Excerpts from Existing Acts Affecting the Commissioners of Northern Lighthouses, J. Hedderwick and Sons, Glasgow, 1902.

United States Coast Guard
Historically Famous Lighthouses, U.S.G.P.O., Washington, 1957.

The Significance of Aids to Marine Navigation. U.S.G.P.O., Washington, 1943.

United States Coast Guard. Civil Engineering Division.
Visual Signalling; Theory and Application to Aids to Navigation, Civil Engineering Report No. 37, U.S.G.P.O., Washington, 1964.

Wilkinson, Roderick
"Odd Lighthouses." Nautical Magazine, Vol. 170, No. 1 (July 1953), pp. 30-32, Glasgow.

National Historic Parks and Sites Branch, Ottawa

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