Canadian Historic Sites: Occasional Papers in Archaeology and History No. 9
by Edward F. Bush
Lighthouse StructureBasic Principles of Lighthouse Design and Location
British Structural Design
Canadian Tower Construction
Apparatus: Lights and OpticsThe Whale-oil Lamp
Parabolic Reflectors: Catoptric Principle
Lenses: Dioptric Principle
The Coal-oil Lamp
The Gas Mantle
Revolving Lights and Colour Characteristics
Submarine Signaling Apparatus
Lighthouses Along the Atlantic CoastThe Louisbourg Lighthouse
Bay of Fundy
Machias Seal Island
St. Paul Island
Harbour Grace Island
Cape St. Mary's
Cape Ray and Channel Head
The Gulf, Northumberland Strait and the Lower St. LawrenceBelle Isle
Stone Pillar and Red Islet
The Great Lakes Region and the Upper St. LawrenceLake Ontario
False Ducks Island
Nine Mile Point
Gore Bay and Strawberry Island
Quebec Harbour and Porphyry Island
Upper St. Lawrence River
The Pacific CoastFisgard Island
Berens Island and Entrance Island
Cape St. James
Sub-Arctic Waters: Hudson Strait and Hudson BayInitial Aids in Hudson Strait
Selected Inland WaterwaysOttawa River
MacKenzie River System
Appendix: Regional Agencies and their pre-1880 Lighthouses
Index (omitted from the online edition)
1 Harbour light, Western Gap, Toronto Harbour.
2 Drawings of typical lighthouse structures.
3 Cape Bonavista light apparatus.
4 1st Order revalving light, used in major landfall lights.
5 1st Order dioptric revolving light in lantern.
6 Oil lamps used in lighthouses in the 19th century.
7 Flat-wick lamps for coal oil.
8 Oil vapour lights with incandescent mantles.
9 Two types of rotary machines.
10 Occulting apparatus, Machias Seal Island.
11 Mercury vapour electric light.
12 A 300-mm. lantern with mercury vapour light.
13 First steam fog alarm, Saint John Harbour, N.B.
14 Stone Chance electronic fog alarm.
15 Early diaphone fog alarm, 1904
16 Louisbourg lighthouse.
17 Lantern and light apparatus, Louisbourg lighthouse.
18 Drawings of Louisbourg lighthouse.
19 Sambro Island lighthouse.
20 East Ironbound lighthouse.
21 Seal Island lighthouse.
22 Yarmouth or Cape Fourchu lighthouse.
23 Typical harbour light, Dalhousie, N.B.
24 Gannet Rock lighthouse.
25 Grand Harbour lighthouse, Grand Manan Island.
26 Walton Harbour lighthouse.
27 St. Paul Island lighthouse.
28 St. Paul Island, southwest point.
29 Fort Amherst lighthouse.
30 Cape Spear lighthouse.
31 Trinity North lighthouse, Newfoundland.
32 Cape Bonavista lighthouse.
33 Cape Pine lighthouse.
34 Cape Race lighthouse.
35 Rose Blanche lighthouse, Newfoundland.
36 Channel Head lighthouse.
37 Belle Isle lighthouse, north end lighthouse.
38 Belle Isle, south end, upper.
39 Belle Isle, south end, lower lighthouse.
40 Point Amour lighthouse.
41 Bird Rocks lighthouse, Gulf of St. Lawrence.
42 Landing stage and trestle, Bird Rocks Island.
43 Bird Rocks lighthouse.
44 Pointe-des-Monts lighthouse.
45 Cap Chat lighthouse.
46 Anticosti Island, Southwest Point.
47 Mark Point lighthouse.
48 Blockhouse Point lighthouse.
49 West Point lighthouse, P.E.I.
50 Cap-des-Rosiers lighthouse.
51 Cap-des-Rosiers lighthouse.
52 Red Islet lighthouse, built in 1848.
53 Mississauga lighthouse.
54 Mississauga Point lighthouse.
55 Gibraltar Point lighthouse.
56 Gibraltar Point lighthouse.
57 False Ducks Island lighthouse.
58 Presqu'lle lighthouse.
59 Burlington lighthouse.
60 Queen's Wharf lighthouse.
61 Former lighthouse near Long Point Bay, Lake Erie.
62 Plan of Point Pelee lighthouse, 1858.
63 River Thames range light.
64 Goderich lighthouse.
65 Point Clark lighthouse.
66 Southampton Harbour lighthouse.
67 Cove Island lighthouse.
68 Nottawasaga Island lighthouse.
69 Griffith Island lighthouse.
70 Red Rock Point lighthouse.
71 Clapperton Island lighthouse.
72 Kincardine range light.
73 Gore Bay lighthouse, Manitoulin Island.
74 Strawherry Island lighthouse.
75 Quebec Harbour lighthouse, Lake Superior.
76 Windmill Point lighthouse.
77 Fisgard Island lighthouse.
78 Race Rocks lighthouse.
79 Point Atkinson lighthouse.
80 Entrance Island lighthouse.
81 Triple Island lighthouse.
82 Brockton Point lighthouse, Vancouver Harbour.
83 Deep River Islet lighthouse, Ottawa River.
84 Arnprior Island lighthouse.
85 Morris Island lighthouse.
86 Killarney East range light.
B7 Lighthouseson the Atlantic Coast.
88 Lighthouses in the Great Lakes region and the upper St. Lawrence.
89 West Coast lighthouses.
90 Lights in sub-Arctic waters.