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Canadian Historic Sites: Occasional Papers in Archaeology and History No. 13

All that Glitters: A Memorial to Ottawa's Capitol Theatre and its Predecessors

by Hilary Russell


Primary Sources

Canada. Public Archives.
MG26, K, Collected Papers of R. B. Bennett, Series F, Vols. 452-453, Motion Picture Industry.

MG28, 135, Ottawa Women's Canadian Club. 1912-64, correspondence. reports, scrapbooks.

MG28, 196, international Alliance of Theatrical Stage Employees, Local 95 (Ottawa), 1893-1934, minutes, correspondence, dues book.

MG28, III2, Capitol Theatre, 1963-70, records.

MG28, III31, Centre Amusement Company Limited, 1916-56. 34 vols., correspondence, reports, financial records.

MG28, I2, Letter from Thomas Alva Edison to Holland Brothers. facsimile, 1894.

News release re Canadian Film Awards, 18 April 1951.

MG30, D157, Mrs. E. M. Coffin Collection, 1912-66, theatrical programmes.

MG35, Ethel Chadwick Collection.

Cinémathèque Canadienne, La, Montreal
Hye Bossin, Papers. correspondence, and scrapbooks on the history of the Canadian Motion picture industry.

Famous Players Limited, Toronto
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Real Estate Department. Construction, real estate purchase reports, agreements and contracts, blueprints, seating plans, photographs.

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Teperman Wrecking
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"A Fond Farewell to a Toronto Landmark." Telegram (Toronto), 6 September 1969.

Mail and Empire (Toronto)
"Noted Showman to Visit Toronto," 15 December 1913; "Many Surprises at Loew Theatre," 16 December 1913; Loew's Winter Garden," 16 February 1914; "New Winter Garden Formally Opened," 17 February 1914; "New Regent Theatre is Well Appointed," 25 August 1916; "Formal Opening of Regent Theatre," 26 August 1916; "Allen Theatre Enterprises," (ad), "Pantages Theatre Opens Tonight," 28 August 1920; "Passages Opens with Gala Event," 30 August 1920; "Noted Movie Stars to Visit Toronto," 20 September 1920; "Mighty Throng at New Theatre, Loew's Uptown Playhouse Opened in Auspicious Manner," 21 September 1920; "Huge Moving Picture Giant is now in Process of Creation in the U.S.," 14 June 1928; "Canadian Theatres in Big Merger," 30 May 1929.

Magee, Ralph
"The Curtain Comes Down on the Tivoli Theatre Story." Telegram (Toronto), 26 May 1965.

Manchel, Frank
When Movies Began to Speak, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 1969.

When Pictures Began to Move, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 1969.

Journal of the Theatre Historical Society, 1969-74, Washington, D.C.

Marsolais, Gilles
Le cinéma Canadian, Editions du Jour, Montreal, 1968.

Marvin, Harry S.
"Illustrated Songs," Moving Picture World, Vol. 85 (26 March 1927), pp. 331-2.

Mayersberg, Paul
Hollywood: The Haunted House, Allen Lane, London, 1967.

Meloy, Arthur S.
Theatres and Motion Picture Houses, Architects' Supply and Publishing Co., New York, 1916.

Merritt, Russell
"Nickelodeon Theatres." American Film Institute Report, Vol. 4, No. 2 (May 1973), p. 6.

Metropolitan Museum of Art
19th-Century America: Furniture and Other Decorative Arts, New York Graphic Society, New York, 1970.

Michael, Paul et al.
The American Movies Reference Book; The Sound Era, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 1969.

Millar, William and George P. Bankart
Plastering Plain and Decorative, 4th ed., rev, and enl. B.T. Batsford, London, 1927.

Minton, Eric
"Broadway on Bank Street." Capital, Vol. 1, No. 3 (1971), pp. 11-13, Ottawa.

"Burlesque Mob Carried Doors Away." Ottawa Journal, 14 September 1971.

"Cinema 1920-1966." Habitat, Vol. 9 (January-February 1966), pp. 32-35, Ottawa.

"Curtain Coming Down...." Ottawa Journal, 7 March 1970.

"Design for Entertainment." Habitat, Vol. 3 (January-February 1960), pp. 2-7, Ottawa.

"From Tent Show to Television." Habitat, Vol. 12, No. 2 (1969), pp. 19-23, Ottawa.

"It's 'Goodbye' to the Regent." Ottawa Journal, 8 January 1972.

"Nickelodeon Days, When the Movies Came to Ottawa." Ottawa Journal, 28 October 1967.

"Ottawa was Swept up in an Era of the Opulent Movie Palaces." Ottawa Journal, 4 November 1967.

"The Fabulous Originals — Four Ottawa Theatres Span Era of Feature Pictures." Ottawa Journal, 14 September 1971.

"The Last Picture Show on Sparks Street: Flashback." Ottawa Journal, 1 December 1973.

Morriss, Frank
"Whitby Woman put Sex on Film." Globe and Mail (Toronto), 12 June 1963.

Moving Picture World
Vols. 1-89 (March 1907-December 1927), Chalmers Publishing Co., New York. Title and imprint vary.

Mullin, Donald C.
The Development of the Playhouse: A Survey of Theatre Architecture from the Renaissance to the Present, Univ. of California Press, Berkeley, 1970.

Nelson, James
"Old Theatre Organ Finds a New Home." Gazette (Montreal), 28 April 1973.

New York Times
Obituary, "Thomas W. Lamb, 71; A Noted Architect." 27 February 1942.

Niver, Kemp R.
The First Twenty Years: A Segment of Film History, Los Angeles Research Group, Los Angeles, 1968.

Nye, Russel
The Unembarrassed Muse: The Popular Arts in America, Dial Press, New York, 1970.

O'Hearn, Walter
"60 Years of Motion Pictures in Montreal." Canadian Film Weekly, Vol. 28 (10 July 1963), p. 7.

Ottawa Daily Free Press
15 July, p. 3; 20 July, p. 1; 21 July, p. 1; 22 July, p. 6, 1896.

Ottawa Journal
"Opening of New Theatre," 11 December 1906; "Allen Theatres Limited Control over 60 Theatres in Canada," 13 September 1920; "Loew's Theatre opens Monday," 6 November 1920; "Ottawa People have Money and cheerfully pay for Bills that take their Fancy," 6 November 1920; "Movie Stars warmly welcomed to Ottawa," 8 November 1920: "Long Queues wait Playhouse Opening," 9 November 1920; Editorial, "Another big Theatre for Ottawa," Letter to the Editor, 9 November 1920: "No Civic Reception given Marcus Loew," 10 November 1920; "English as She's Spoke and Sung," 10 November 1920; Letter to the Editor, 11 November 1920: Letter to the Editor, 12 November 1920; Editorial, "Who Pays for it?" 15 November 1920; "A Lively Exchange over Movie Actresses," 16 November 1920; "Rosary Club declines Offer Loew Theatre," 23 November 1920; "A Letter to the People of Ottawa," 1 December 1920: Galli Curci Concert, 22 May 1921: "The Beautiful R.K.O. Capitol Theatre Re-opens with Marie Dressier and Polly Moran in 'Politics'," 15 August 1931; "High Rise Building to Replace Capitol," 24 July 1969.

"Las Théâtres Allen," Vol. 1, No. 1 (October 1919), pp. 40, 58; "Le fondateur du cinéma au Canada," Vol. 1, No. 1 (October 1919), p. 64; "Le théâtre Imperial," Vol. 1, No. 3 (December 1919), p. 4; "Quinze années de progrès dans l'industrie des vues animées," Vol. 2, No. 4 (January 1921), p. 3, Montreal.

Pâquet, André
How to Make or Not Make a Canadian Film, Cinémathèque Canadienne, Montreal, n.d.

Peeples, Samuel A.
"Films on 8 & 16," Films in Review, Vol. 22, No. 10 (December 1971), pp. 635-6, 643, New York.

Pereira, P. R.
"The Development of the Moving Picture Theatre," The American Architect, Vol. 106, No. 2022 (23 September 1914), pp. 171-81, New York.

Perth Courier (Ontario)
"History of the Theatre in Perth." 8 February 1973.

Portman, Jamie
"Calgary's Capitol Theatre . . . A Long and Distinguished Career comes to an End." Herald Magazine, 21 April 1972. Calgary.

Pratt, George C.
Spellbound in Darkness, Readings in the History and Criticism of the Silent Film, Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, N.Y., 1966, 2 vols.

Prince, Lorenzo et al., eds.
Illustrated Montreal Old and New, International Press Syndicate, Montreal, 1915.

Recorder and Times (Brockville, Ontario)
"Canada's First Movies." 13 April 1938; "Another Milestone in History Capitol Theatre is Reached." 3 December 1943.

Reinhart, Charles Gilbert
"Halls of Illusion." Saturday Evening Post, Vol. 201, No. 45 (11 May 1929), pp. 16-17, 166, New York.

Richard, Robin
"First There was a Nickelodeon." Diner's Club Magazine (November 1961), pp. 62-63, New York.

Richardson, A. E. and H. Donaldson Eberlein
The Smaller English House of the Later Renaissance 1660-1830, An Account of its Design, Plan, and Details, B. T. Batsford, London, 1925.

Richardson, F. H.
"Projection Then and Now." Moving Picture World, Vol. 85 (26 March 1927), pp. 329-30, New York.

Robinson, David
Hollywood in the Twenties, A. Zwemmer, London, 1968.

Robinson, Jim
"Big Explosion ended Career of one of City's Finest Theatres." Citizen (Ottawa), 27 June 1967.

Rosse, H.
"Suggestions for Modern Movie Palaces." Theatre Arts Monthly, Vol. 12 (December 1928), pp. 853-56, New York.

Rosten, Leo C.
Hollywood; The Movie Colony, the Movie Makers, Harcourt Brace, New York, 1941.

Rotha, Paul and Richard Griffith
The Film till now: A Survey of World Cinema, Vision, London, 1949.

Rothafel, S. L.
"The Architect and the Box Office." Architectural Forum, Vol. 58 (September 1932), pp. 194-96, New York.

Rudolph Wurlitzer Company Factories
The Wurlitzer Unit Organ, Vestal Press, Vestal, New York, n.d. Reprint ed.

The Wurlitzer Hope-Jones Unit-Orchestra, Vestal Press, Vestal, New York, 1964.

Sargent, E. W.
"New York City holds Record for Earliest Exhibiting." Moving Picture World, Vol. 29 (15 July 1916), p. 370, New York.

Savignac, Pierre
Historique du cinéma Canadien, National Film Board, Montreal, 1965.

Schlanger, Ben et al.
"Building Type Studies No. 114, The Small (400-seat) Motion Picture Theatre," Architectural Record, Vol. 99, No. 6 (June 1946), pp. 99-112, New York.

Schickel, Richard
Movies: The History of an Art and an Institution, MacGibbon & Kee, London, 1964.

Schlanger, Ben
"Building Type Study No. 143, A New Architecture for the Movie Theatre," Architectural Record, Vol. 104, No. 5 (November 1948), pp. 120-44, New York.

"New Theatres for the Cinema." Architectural Forum, Vol. 58, No. 1 (September 1932), pp. 253-60, New York.

Schumach, Murray
"First Movie House ignored by Time." New York Times, 16 April 1962.

Seabury, William Marston
The Public and the Motion Picture Industry, Macmillan, New York, 1926.

Seldes, Gilbert
An Hour with the Movies and the Talkies, J. R. Lippincott, Philadelphia, 1929.

Movies for the Millions: An Account of Motion Pictures, Principally in America, B.T. Batsford, London, 1937.

Sharp, Dennis
The Picture Palace and other Buildings for the Movies, Hugh Evelyn, London, 1969.

Silverman. Maxwell
Contemporary Theatre Architecture; An Illustrated Survey, A Checklist of Publications 1946-1964, by Ned Bowman, New York Public Library, New York, 1965.

Simmons, R. L.
"Theatre Lobbies, Waiting Rooms, Foyers — Their Planning and Their Furnishings," Moving Picture World, Vol. 67 (26 April 1924), p. 765, New York.

Sinclair, Gordon
"When Loew's was Young," Toronto Star, 8 December 1962.

Sinn, Clarence E.
"Sixty-four instruments in One," Moving Picture World, Vol. 29 (15 July 1916), p. 458, New York.

Sitwell, Sacheverell
British Architects and Craftsmen, B. T. Batsford, London, 1945.

Sobel, Bernard
A Pictorial History of Vaudeville, Bonanza Books, New York, 1961.

Steeliman, G. R.
"Movies De Luxe," Technical World, Vol. 23 (July 1915), pp. 607-09, Chicago.

Stillman, Damie
The Decorative Work of Robert and James Adam, Alec Tiranti, London, 1966.

Stone, Harold
"I Saw the Best," Toronto Star, 11 May 1957.

Stote, Helen M., ed.
The Motion Picture Theater, Society of Motion Picture Engineers, New York, 1948.

Stott, Don
"The Man who Plastered the Boxy." Marquee, Vol. 3, No. 2 (1971), p. 2, Washington, D.C.

Strange, Thomas Arthur
English Furniture, Decoration, Woodwork and Allied Arts during the Last Half of the Seventeenth Century, the Whole of the Eighteenth Century, and the Earlier Part of the Nineteenth Century, Published by the Author, London, 1903.

Stratton, Arthur
The English Interior: A Review of the Decoration of English Homes from Tudor Times to the XIXth Century, B. T. Batsford, London, 1920.

Stringer, Richard
"The History of Canadian Cinematography." Unpubl. term paper, Ryerson Polytechnical Institute, Toronto, 1966.

Shand, P. Morton
Modern Theatres and Cinema, B. T. Batsford, London, 1930.

Summerson, John
Architecture in Britain 1530 to 1830, 4th ed., rev., Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, 1953-63.

Sun (Vancouver)
"Big Bright Feature is Entrance Lobby," "B.C. Labor and Material Built New Capitol Theatre," 13 March 1921; "Famous Players" Silver Jubilee," Sun Magazine, 27 January 1945.

Swarbrick, John
Robert Adam and his Brothers: Their Lives, Work and Influence on English Architecture, Decoration and Furniture, B.T. Batsford, London, 1915.

Szende, Andrew
"Nostalgia Night at the Imperial." Toronto Star, 18 August 1967.

Taylor, A. J. P.
Beaverbrook, Simon and Schuster, New York, 1972.

Telegram (Toronto)
"Brilliant Opening, First Bill Splendid," 16 December 1913; "From Nickel Theatorium to Movie-Goers' Mecca," 7 November 1952; "Memories Flood in as Hippodrome Goes Out," 27 December 1956.

Terrien, Paul
"Le Capitol ferme ses portes," Le Droit (Ottawa), 2 May 1970.

Thomas, E. C.
"Vancouver. B.C. Started with 'Hale's Tours' in 1905." Moving Picture World, Vol. 29 (15 July 1916), pp. 373, 375, New York.

Thorp, Margaret Farrand
America at the Movies, Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, 1939.

Time-Life Books
This Fabulous Century; Sixty Years of American Life, Time-Life Books, New York, 1969, Vol. 3:1920-1930.

Toronto Star
"Motor Cars and Movie Shows," 17 November 1924; "Good-by to Shea's," 29 December 1956; "The Movies — Past and Future," 8 June 1963; "At Christie, It'll be 'Shall We Dance?'," 13 June 1963; "The Sound of Pure Nostalgia," Weekend Magazine, 13 February 1971.

Toronto World
"Loew's Wintergarden Opened so Distinguished Audience." 17 February 1914.

Town, Harold
Silent Stars—Sound Stars—Film Stars, McClelland and Stewart, Toronto, 1971.

Tribune (Winnipeg)
"Capitol Opens Tonight," 14 February 1921; "Thousands Already have seen Winnipeg's new Picture Palace," 16 February 1921.

Turner, Laurence
Decorative Plastar work in Great Britain, Country Life, London, 1927.

Vanderwalker, F. N.
Interior Wall Decoration, Frederick J. Drake and Co., Chicago, 1924.

Van Zile, Edward S.
That Marvel—The Movie, G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York, 1923.

Vardac, A. Nicholas
Stage to Screen: Theatrical Method from Garrick to Griffith, Benjamin Blom, New York, 1968.

Vincent, Carl
General Bibliography of Motion Pictures, Edizioni dell'Ateneo, Rome, 1953.

Von Eckhardt, Wolf
"The Great Old Movie Cathedrals." Washington (D.C.) Post, 19 February 1972, p. D5.

Wagenknect, Edward
The Movies in the Age of Innocence, Univ. of Oklahoma Press, Norman, 1962.

Walker, Harry J.
The Ottawa Story Through 150 Years, The Journal, Ottawa, 1953, Repr., Ottawa Journal's Coronation Souvenir issue, 1 June 1953.

Wallace, William Stewart, ed.
The Encyclopedia of Canada, University Associates of Canada, Toronto, 1936, Vol. 4: "Motion Picture Industry."

Watkins, Gordon S., ed.
The Motion Picture Industry, The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 254 (November 1947), Arno Press, New York, 1970. Reprint ed.

What's New
Famous Players, Toronto, 1945-72.

White, Peter
Investigation into an Alleged Combine in the Motion Picture Industry in Canada, King's Printer, Ottawa, 1931.

Whiton, Sherrill
Elements of Interior Design and Decoration, J. B. Lippincott, Philadelphia, 1951-63.

Whittaker, Herbert
"The Ghosts of Greatness Roam Victoria Shambles." Globe and Mail (Toronto), 7 April 1956.

Whittick, Arnold
European Architecture in the Twentieth Century, Crosby Lockwood & Son, London, 1953, Vol. 2: The Era of Functionalism 1924-1933.

Wilson, Clifford, ed.
Papers Read Before the Historical and Scientific Society of Manitoba, Ser. 3, No. 3, Advocate Printers, Winnipeg, n.d.

Withey, Henry F. and Elsie Rathburn Withey
Biographical Dictionary of American Architects (Deceased), New Age Publishing Co., Los Angeles, 1956.

Woodsworth, J. S.
My Neighbor, Univ. of Toronto Press, 1972, Repr. of 1911 ed.

Wright, Charles
"Nostalgic Memories." Theatre Organ, Vol. 14, No. 5 (October 1972), pp. 32-34, Salinas, Cal.

Zobel, Janet
Early Live Theatres in Edmonton, Unpubl. report, Department of Architecture, Northern Alberta Institute of Technology, Edmonton, 1971.

Zucker, Paul
Theater und Lichtspielhauser, Wasmuth, Berlin, 1926.

Zukor, Adolph and Dale Kramer
The Public is Never Wrong: The Autobiography of Adolph Zukor, G. P. Putnams Sons, New York, 1953.

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