Parks Canada History

Copyright, Randall D. Payne
Fraser Heritage River, British Columbia

History of Parks Canada Electronic Library


Welcome / Bienvenue! The History of Parks Canada Electronic Library is a portal to electronic publications covering the cultural and natural history of the Canadian National Parks System, which includes 46 national parks/reserves, one national urban park, 978 national historic sites (171 of which are administered by Parks Canada, which includes nine heritage canals), four national marine conservation areas/reserves, and one national landmark, along with documents from the history of the agency that has been entrusted to manage this system: Parks Canada/Parcs Canada.

This Website is an independent effort and is not affiliated with the Government of Canada/Parks Canada. The information contained in this Website is historical in scope and is not meant as an aid for travel planning; please refer to the official Parks Canada/Parcs Canada Websites for current information.



map map
Canadian Heritage Rivers System / Réseau des rivières du patrimoine canadien
(2012/2013)

CHRS logo
Canadian Heritage Rivers System / Réseau des rivières du patrimoine canadien

The Canadian Heritage Rivers System (CHRS) is Canada’s national river conservation program. Established in 1984, the CHRS gives national recognition to Canada’s outstanding rivers and encourages their long-term management to conserve their natural, cultural and recreational values for the benefit and enjoyment of Canadians, now and in the future. There are currently 42 Canadian Heritage Rivers (39 designated, and three nominated) across the country, totalling close to 12,000 km.

Le Réseau des rivières du patrimoine canadien (RRPC) est le programme national de conservation des rivières du Canada. Créé en 1984, le RRPC veille à ce que les rivières qui présentent un patrimoine naturel, culturel et récréatif exceptionnel soient reconnues à l’échelle nationale. Le RRPC soutient aussi la conservation du réseau fluvial canadien, pour le plus grand plaisir de ses visiteurs, ceux d’aujourd’hui comme ceux de demain. Aujourd’hui, on dénombre au pays 42 rivières du patrimoine canadien (39 sont désignées et trois autres ont été mises en candidature) ce qui représente près de 12 000 kilomètres de réseau fluvial.

RiverProvince/TerritoryYear
Designated
Alsek RiverYukon1986
Athabasca RiverAlberta1989
Bay du Nord RiverNewfoundland2006
Bloodvein RiverManitoba/Ontario1987 (MB)/1998 (ON)
Bonnet Plume RiverYukon1998
Boundary Waters/Voyageur WaterwayOntario1996
Clearwater RiverAlberta/Saskatchewan1987 (SK)/2004 (AB)
Cowichan RiverBritish Columbia2003
Detroit RiverOntario/Michigan2001
Fraser RiverBritish Columbia1998
French RiverOntario1986
Grand RiverOntario1994
Hayes RiverManitoba2006
Hillsborough RiverPrince Edward Island1997
Humber RiverOntario1999
Kazan RiverNunavut1990
Kicking Horse RiverAlberta/British Columbia1989
Main River Newfoundland2001
Margaree RiverNova Scotia1998
Mattawa RiverOntario1988
Missinaibi RiverOntario2004

RiverProvince/TerritoryYear
Designated
North Saskatchewan RiverAlberta/British Columbia1989
Ottawa RiverOntario2016
Red RiverManitoba2007
Rideau WaterwayOntario2000
Saint (St.) John RiverNew Brunswick2013
Seal RiverManitoba1992
Shelburne RiverNova Scotia1997
Soper RiverNunavut1992
South Nahanni RiverNorthwest Territories1987
St. Croix RiverNew Brunswick1991
St. Marys RiverOntario2000
Tatshenshini RiverYukon2004
Thames RiverOntario2000
Thelon RiverNorthwest Territories/Nunavut1990
Thirty Mile (Yukon River)Yukon1991
Three RiversPrince Edward Island2004
Tsilgehnjik (Arctic Red) RiverNorthwest Territories1993
Upper Restigouche RiverNew Brunswick1998
Nominated
Churchill RiverSaskatchewan
Coppermine RiverNunavut
South Saskatchewan and Saskatchewan RiversSaskatchewan

Your River...Your Heritage...Your Future: A Guide to Establishing a Canadian Heritage River (Canadian Heritage Rivers System, 2004)

Votre Rivière...Votre Patrimoine...Votre Avenir: Un guide pour désigner une rivière du patrimoine canadien (Canadian Heritage Rivers System, 2004)

What are the Benefits of Canadian Heritage River Designation? (Vol. 1 Issue 1, September 30, 2010)

Annual Reports: 1997-19981998-19991999-20002000-20012001-20022002-20032003-20042004-20052005-20062006-20072008-20092009-20102010-2011

Rapport annuel: 1997-19981998-19991999-20002000-20012001-20022002-20032003-20042004-20052005-20062006-20072008-20092009-20102010-2011

Charter: 19972017 / Charte: 19972017

A Cultural Framework for Canadian Heritage Rivers / Cadre des valeurs culturelles des rivières du patrimoine canadien 2nd edition (Parks Canada, January 2000)

A Framework for the Natural Values of Canadian Heritage Rivers 2nd edition (Parks Canada, March 2001)

Building a Comprehensive and Representative Canadian Heritage Rivers System: A Gap Analysis — Executive Summary / Créer un réseau complet et représentatif des rivières du patrimoine canadien: analyse des lacunes — sommaire (Parks Canada, 2016)

Canadian Heritage Rivers System Principles, Procedures and Operational Guidelines / Les principes, procédures et modalités de fonctionnement (Canadian Heritage Rivers System, 2017)

Strategic Plan 2008-2018 / Plan stratégique 20078-2018 (Parks Canada, c2009)

Heritage Riverscapes / En aval du patrimoine (Parks Canada, Spring 1999)

Caring For Our Rivers: Vol. 1 No. 1 — 2017Vol. 1 No. 2 — October 2017Vol. 1 No. 3 — June 2018 (Canadian Heritage Rivers System)

Préservons nos rivières: Vol. 1 No. 1 — 2017Vol. 1 No. 2 — Octobre 2017Vol. 1 No. 3 — Juin 2018 (Réseau des rivières du patrimoine canadien)

The Main River: A Canadian Heritage River (Newfoundland and Labrador Parks and Natural Areas, undated)

Books of the Month
book cover
Voyages: Canada's Heritage Rivers

book cover
Original Highways

Management Plans

Managing the Bay du Nord River as a Canadian Heritage River (Newfoundland and Labrador Dept. of Environment and Conservation, 2005)

Atikaki Provincial Park & Bloodvein Canadian Heritage River Management Plan (Manitoba Conservation, April 2008)

Clearwater-Christina Rivers Mangement Plan (Clearwater River Committee, February 2003)

A Management Strategy for the Detroit River as a Canadian Heritage River (Detroit River Management Strategy Committee and Essex Region Conservation Authority, June 2001)

Management Plan for the Hayes River in Manitoba (Manitoba Conservation, 2005)

Management Plan for the Kazan River, N. W. T. (Northwest Territories Economic Development and Tourism, 1990)

Management Plan for Main River as a Canadian Heritage River (Newfoundland Dept. of Tourism, Cultural and Recreation, January 2001)

Canadian Heritage Rivers: The North Saskatchewan River (North Saskatchewan River Basin Council, 2017)

A Management Approach for the Red River in Manitoba (Manitoba Conservation, 2006)

Protecting the Waters of Nahanni National Park Reserve, N.W.T. (Environment Canada, December 1991)

Toward a Management Plan for the Seal Heritage River (Graham Dodds, Manitoba Natural Resources, February 1990)

St. Croix International Waterway: A Heritage — A Future, Plan for Long-term Cooperative Management of the St. Croix International Waterway (St. Croix International Waterway Commission, October 1993)

Monitoring Reports

Yukon River: Thirty Mile Section, 20-year Monitoring Report (Bruce K. Downie for Yukon Parks, May 2013)

Athabasca River: 1999-2010, Canadian Heritage River Monitoring Report (Parks Canada, April 2011)

Bloodvein River Monitoring Report '07 (Candace Newman and Doug Gilmore for Manitoba Conservation, 2007)

Bonnet Plume River Monitoring Report 1997-2007 (Yukon Parks, May 2008)

The Cowichan: A Canadian Heritage River, 10-Year Monitoring Report (2003-2013) (Madrone Environmental Services for Cowichan Valley Regional District, December 2013)

The Fraser: A Canadian Heritage River, 10-Year Monitoring Report (1998-2008) (The Fraser Basin Council and BC Ministry of Environment, March 31, 2010)

A Decade in the Canadian Heritage Rivers System: A Review of the Grand Strategy 1994-2004 (Barbara J. Veale, Grand River Conservation Authority, May 2004)

The Grand River: A Canadian Heritage River, Ten Year Monitoring Report 2004-2014 (Grand River Conservation Authority, July 2014)

The Humber River: The 10-Year Monitoring Report for the Canadian Heritage Rivers System (Toronto Region Conservation, October 2009)

Hayes River: A Canadian Heritage River, Ten-year Monitoring Report 2006-2016 (Manitoba Parks, April 2017)

Kazan River: CHRS Ten Year Review (Bruce K. Downie for Nunavut Dept. of Sustainable Development, March 2000)

Margaree-Lake Ainslie Canadian Heritage River: 10-year Monitoring Report 1998-2008 (Nova Scotia Environment, May 2008)

Missinaibi - 2004 to 2014: 10 Year State of the River Report (Alissa Moenting Edwards, Ontario Parks, January 2015)

Red River: A Canadian Heritage River, Ten-year Monitoring Report 2007-2017 (Manitoba Parks, April 2018)

Rideau Waterway: 2000-2012, Canadian Heritage River Monitoring Report (Parks Canada, May 2012)

Seal River: A Canadian Heritage River, Twenty-Year Monitoring Report 2006-2014 (Manitoba Parks, May 2014)

Shelburne Canadian Heritage River: 10-year Monitoring Report 1997-2007 (Nova Scotia Environment, May 2008)

Soper Heritage River: Kimmirut, Nunavut Ten Year Review (Laird & Associates for Nunavut Dept. of Environment, April 2004)

Tatshenshini River Ten Year Monitoring Report (Bruce K. Downie for Yukon Parks, March 2014)

Making Connections on the St. John River: A River Tour Series Connecting the "State of the St. John" to Local Community Priorities for Actions on Our River Summary Report (S. Merrill and E. Hendriks, CCNB Action, Canadian Rivers Institute and WWF Canada, April 2012)

The Saint John River: A State of the Environment Report (©Canadian Rivers Institute, July 2011)

The Thames River, Ontario: Canadian Heritage Rivers System Ten Year Monitoring Report 2000-2012 (Cathy Quinlan, Upper Thames River Conservation Authority, March 2013)

Thelon Heritage River: Ten-Year Review (Nunavut Parks and Tourism, November 2000)

Wild Rivers

Wild Rivers: Alberta (Parks Canada, 1974)

Wild Rivers: Central British Columbia (Parks Canada, 1978)

Wild Rivers: Newfoundland and Labrador (Parks Canada, 1977)

Wild Rivers: Quebec North Shore (Parks Canada, 1976)

Wild Rivers: James Bay and Hudson Bay (Parks Canada, 1977)

Wild Rivers: Saskatchewan (Parks Canada, 1974)

Wild Rivers: Southwestern Quebec and Eastern Ontario (Parks Canada, 1980)

Wild Rivers: The Barrenlands (Parks Canada, 1979)

Wild Rivers: The Northwest Mountains (Parks Canada, 1980)

Wild Rivers: Yukon Territory (Parks Canada, 1976)


Copyright, Scott Taylor, Parks Canada
Akami-Uapishkᵁ-KakKasuak-Mealy Mountains National Park Reserve, Newfoundland and Labrador (©Scott Taylor, Parks Canada)


New eLibrary Additions

Parks Canada Policy (Parks Canada, 1983)

Cultural Resource Management Policy (Parks Canada, excerpt from Guiding Principles and Operational Policies, 1994)

La maison du contremaître aux Forges du St-Maurice (25G20): Eléments d'architecture: synthése préliminaire Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 152 (Françoise Niellon, Parks Canada, 1975)

La maison du contremaître aux Forges du St-Maurice (25G20): Rapport préliminaire sur la fouille de 1974 Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 152 (Françoise Niellon, Parks Canada, 1975)

Preliminary Report on Fort Malden, Amherstburg, Ontario Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 157 (David E. Lee, Parks Canada, 1963)

Men's Brick Barracks: Fort Malden, Amherstburg, Ontario Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 157 (George Ingram, Parks Canada, 1964)

Excavations at Fort Malden, Amherstburg, Ontario Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 157 (Iain C. Walker, Parks Canada, 1966)

Archaeological Salvage at Hough House, Fort Malden Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 157 (John Dewhirst, Parks Canada, 1974)

Jasper National Park Archaeological Inventory Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 158 (Ross Anderson and B.O.K. Reeves, Parks Canada, 1975)

La garnison britannique dans la ville de Québec d'après les journaux de 1764 à 1840 Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 183 (Claudette Lacelle, Parks Canada, 1976)

Parc de l'artillerie, zone civile, familles d'une partie du stationnement de la rue McMahon, été 1975 Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 184 (Michel Lafreniere, Parks Canada, 1976)

The Builders of the Rideau Canal, 1826-32 Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 185 (Edward F. Bush, Parks Canada, 1976)

Étude sur la vie et l'oeuvre de Jacques Cartier (1491-1557) History and Archaeology/Histoire et archéologie 10 (Réal Boissonnault, Parcs Canada, 1977)

Fouilles au parc Cartier-Brébeuf, Québec, 1959 History and Archaeology/Histoire et archéologie 10 (Kenneth E. Kidd, Parcs Canada, 1977)

Fouilles au parc Cartier-Brébeuf, Québec, 1962 History and Archaeology/Histoire et archéologie 10 (John H. Rick, Parcs Canada, 1977)

Archéologie de sauvetage au parc Cartier-Brébeuf, la ville de Québec: juillet-août 1969 History and Archaeology/Histoire et archéologie 10 (Marcel Moussette, Parcs Canada, 1977)

Clay Tobacco-Pipes, with Particular Reference to the Bristol Industry History and Archaeology/Histoire et archéologie 11A (Iain C. Walker, Parks Canada, 1977)

Clay Tobacco-Pipes, with Particular Reference to the Bristol Industry History and Archaeology/Histoire et archéologie 11B (Iain C. Walker, Parks Canada, 1977)

Clay Tobacco-Pipes, with Particular Reference to the Bristol Industry History and Archaeology/Histoire et archéologie 11C (Iain C. Walker, Parks Canada, 1977)

Clay Tobacco-Pipes, with Particular Reference to the Bristol Industry History and Archaeology/Histoire et archéologie 11D (Iain C. Walker, Parks Canada, 1977)

Clay Tobacco Pipes From Fort Laramie National Historic Site (U.S.) And Related Locations (Rex L. Wilson, National Park Service, December 1971)

The impact of depression/detention storage on the spring freshet, Clear Lake Watershed, Riding Mountain, Manitoba (R.G. McDonald and R.A. McGinn, extract from Prairie Perspectives: Geographical Essays, Vol. 1, University of Winnipeg, 1998)

Cyclic water levels in Clear Lake, Riding Mountain National Park, Manitoba (F.S. Parsons and R.A. McGinn, extract from Prairie Perspectives: Geographical Essays, Vol. 2, University of Winnipeg, 1999)

Wastewater reclamation and re-use in the Clear Lake watershed, Riding Mountain National Park, Manitoba (W.H.N. Paton, J.C. Champagne and R.A. McGinn, extract from Prairie Perspectives: Geographical Essays, Vol. 10, University of Winnipeg, 2007)

Degree-day snowmelt runoff experiments; Clear Lake Watershed, Riding Mountain National Park (R.A. McGinn, extract from Prairie Perspectives: Geographical Essays, Vol. 15, University of Winnipeg, 2012)

Living by the Water's Edge: Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve Water Stewardship Project (©Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve and Centre for Sustainable Watersheds, 2012)

Human Intervention in the Clear Lake Basin of Riding Mountain National Park: Land Use, Subdivision and Development (Helen Bazillion, Rural Development Institute, Brandon University, 1992)

Human Intervention in the Clear Lake Basin of Riding Mountain National Park: Visitor Services (Helen Bazillion, Rural Development Institute, Brandon University, 1992)

Diseases and Parasites in Wolves of the Riding Mountain National Park Region, Manitoba, Canada (Astrid V. Stronen, Tim Sallows, Graham J. Forbes, Brent Wagner and Paul C. Paquet, extract from Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 47(1), 2011, ©Wildlife Disease Association)

Diet Preference and Parasites of Grey Wolves in Riding Mountain National Park of Canada (©Tim A. Sallows, University of Manitoba, 2007)

Fire Regime in Marginal Jack Pine Populations at Their Southern Limit of Distribution, Riding Mountain National Park, Central Canada (Jacques C. Tardif, Stephen Cornelsen, France Conciatori, Eben Blake Hodgin and Marlow G. Pellatt, extract from Forests, 7, 219, 2026)

Leaf Area Index estimation using remotely sensed data for Grasslands National Park (Y. He and X. Guo, extract from Prairie Perspectives: Geographical Essays, Vol. 9, University of Winnipeg, 2006)

The Nature Playbook / Sortons jouer dans la nature (Canadian Parks Council, 2016)

The #NatureForAll Playbook: An Action Guide for Inspiring Love of Nature / Livre de jeux #NaturePourTous: Un guide d'action visant à inspirer l'amour de la nature / Libro de juegos #NaturealezaParaTodos: Guí de acción para inspirar el amor por la naturaleza / Chinese edition (Canadian Parks Council, 2017)

Draft Management Plan, Rocky Mountain House National Historic Site of Canada / Ébauche Plan directeur du lieu historique national Rocky Mountain House (Parks Canada, 2018)

Site Backgrounder, Rocky Mountain House National Historic Site of Canada / Document d'information sur le site, Lieu historique national du Canada Rocky Mountain House (Parks Canada, August 8, 2018)

Draft Management Plan, Banff Park Museum National Historic Site of Canada / Ébauche Plan directeur du lieu historique national Musée-du-Parc-Banff (Parks Canada, 2018)

Site Backgrounder, Banff Park Museum National Historic Site of Canada / Document d'information sur le site, Lieu historique national du Canada du Musée-du-Parc-Banff (Parks Canada, August 8, 2018)

Fact Sheet, Saoyú-ʔehdacho National Historic Site (Government of Northwest Territories, undated)

Heritage Impact Assessment Statement, Fort Henry Discovery Centre at Fort Henry, Kingston: Design Rationale Final Draft (+VG Architects The Ventin Group Ltd., January 4, 2010)

Taking Trails From Good to Great PTBA Sustainable Trails Conference, March 26-28, 2018 (Mark Schmidt, Parks Canada, March 2018)

How Trails Make Us Feel: Critical Elements of Emotional Design in Trails PTBA Sustainable Trails Conference, March 26-28, 2018 (Mark Schmidt, Parks Canada, March 2018)

Twenty Years of Efforts towards Ecosystem Planning in the Bruce Peninsula National Park, Ontario Canada: 1987 to 2006 (Patrick L. Lawrence and J. Gordon Nelson, extract from The Great Lakes Geographer, Vol. 12 No. 2, 2005)

The mammals of Elk Island National Park, Alberta, Canada Canadian Wildlife Service Wildlife Management Bulletin Series 1, Number 3 (J. Dewey Soper, Canadian Wildlife Service, 1951)

Populations and movements of the Saskatchewan timber wolf (Canis lupus knightii) in Prince Albert National Park, Saskatchewan, 1947 to 1951 Canadian Wildlife Service Wildlife Management Bulletin Series 1, Number 4 (A.W.F. Banfield, Canadian Wildlife Service, 1951)

The mammals of Manitoba Canadian Wildlife Service Wildlife Management Bulletin Series 1, Number 17 (J. Dewey Soper, Canadian Wildlife Service, 1961)

A study of the bird populations in the apple orchards of the Annapolis Valley, Nova Scotia Canadian Wildlife Service Wildlife Management Bulletin Series 2, Number 1 (J.P. Kelsall, Canadian Wildlife Service, 1950)

The economic status of the herring gulls of the Grand Manan Archipelago, New Brunswick Canadian Wildlife Service Wildlife Management Bulletin Series 2, Number 5 (D.H. Pimlott, Canadian Wildlife Service, 1952)

Waterfowl and other ornithological investigations in Yukon Territory, Canada, 1950 Canadian Wildlife Service Wildlife Management Bulletin Series 2, Number 7 (J.D. Soper, Canadian Wildlife Service, 1954)

The American goldeneye in central New Brunswick Canadian Wildlife Service Wildlife Management Bulletin Series 2, Number 9 (Brian C. Carter, Canadian Wildlife Service, 1958)

Prince Albert National Park creel census analysis, season 1948 Canadian Wildlife Service Wildlife Management Bulletin Series 3, Number 1 (V.E.F. Solman, Canadian Wildlife Service, 1950)

Investigation of the spawning of northern pike in Prince Albert National Park, 1953 Canadian Wildlife Service Wildlife Management Bulletin Series 3, Number 4 (F.H. Schultz, Canadian Wildlife Service, 1955)



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