Parks Canada History

CELEBRATING CANADA'S 150th BIRTHDAY   ♦   July 1, 1867-2017
Copyright, Parks Canada
Prince Edward Island National Park (left); Dalvay-by-the-Sea National Historic Site (right), Prince Edward Island (©Parks Canada)

History of Parks Canada Electronic Library

Books of the Month
book cover
A Brief History of Canada's National Parks
book cover
Petite histoire des parcs nationaux du Canada
(W.F. Lothian, Parks Canada, 1987)
click on book cover to read digital edition
The Charlottetown Conference, 1864 / La Conférence de Charlottetown, 1864
(P.B. Waite, Canadian Historical Association Booklet No. 15, 1970)
The Quebec Conference / La Conférence de Québec
(W.M. Whitelaw, Canadian Historical Association Booklet No. 20, 1966)
Joseph Howe: Anti-Confederate / Joseph Howe: anti-confédéré
(J. Murray Beck, Canadian Historical Association Booklet No. 17, 1968)

Welcome / Bienvenue! The History of Parks Canada Electronic Library is a portal to electronic publications covering the cultural and natural history of the Canadian park system, which includes 46 national parks/reserves and one national urban park, 171 historic sites (including nine heritage canals), four marine conservation areas/reserves, and one landmark, along with documents from the history of the agency that has been entrusted to manage this system: Parks Canada/Parcs Canada.

This Website is not affiliated with the Government of Canada/Parks Canada, but is an independent effort to showcase the history of the Parks Canada Agency and the Canadian National Park and Historic Site System.

The information contained in this Website is historic in scope and is not meant as an aid for travel planning; please refer to the official Parks Canada/Parcs Canada Websites for current information.

Heritage Minutes
click on image to view video (English), (Édition Français)
Sir John A. Macdonald

In celebration of Canada's 150th birthday, throughout 2017 we will be highlighting the national parks and national historic sites of each province and territory — areas that have been set aside to help capture the unique natural history and rich cultural heritage of Canada.




Prince Edward Island
Île-du-Prinde-Édouard

(Areas managed by Parks Canada / Zones gérées par Parcs Canada)
Canada 150
National Parks / Parcs nationaux
Prince Edward Island / Île-du-Prince-Édouard
National Historic Sites / Lieux historiques nationaux
Ardgowan / Ardgowan
Dalvay-by-the Sea Hotel / Hôtel-Dalvay-by-the-Sea
L.M. Montgomery's Cavendish / Cavendish-de-L.-M.-Montgomery
Port-la-Joye—Fort Amherst / Port-la-Joye—Fort Amherst
Province House / Province House

Please consult Park Summaries / Résumés parc for a complete list including site descriptions.


New eLibrary Additions

1968 Excavation at the Roma Site Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 88 (E. Frank Korvemaker, Parks Canada, July 1969)

1969 Excavation at the Roma Site Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 89 (E. Frank Korvemaker, Parks Canada, August 1970)

1970 Excavation at the Roma Site Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 90 (E. Frank Korvemaker, Parks Canada, April 1972)

Nineteenth-Century Glassware from the Roma Site, Prince Edward Island Histoire et archéologie / History and Archaeology 27 (Jeanne Alyluia, Parks Canada, 1979)

Cutlery from the Roma Site, Prince Edward Island Histoire et archéologie / History and Archaeology 27 (Barbara J. Wade, Parks Canada, 1979)

Eighteenth-Century Container Glass from the Roma Site, Prince Edward Island Histoire et archéologie / History and Archaeology 45 (Jeanne Alyluia, Parks Canada, 1981)

Bottle Glass from a Privy at Fort George Military Reserve, Ontario Histoire et archéologie / History and Archaeology 45 (Pierre R. Beaudet, Parks Canada, 1981)

Glassware Excavated from Fort Anne, Nova Scotia Histoire et archéologie / History and Archaeology 45 (Jane E Harris, Parks Canada, 1981)

Récipients en verre du XVIIIe siècle, site Roma, Ile-du-Prince-Édouard Histoire et archéologie / History and Archaeology 45 (Jeanne Alyluia, Parcs Canada, 1981)

Verre de bouteille recueilli dan les latrines de la réserve militaire de fort George, Ontario Histoire et archéologie / History and Archaeology 45 (Pierre R. Beaudet, Parcs Canada, 1981)

Verrerie mise au jour au fort Anne en Nouvelle-Écosse Histoire et archéologie / History and Archaeology 45 (Jane E Harris, Parcs Canada, 1981)

National Program for the Grave Sites of Canadian Prime Ministers / Programme national des lieux de sépulture des premiers ministres du Canada (Parks Canada, 1999)

The Right Honourable Sir Wilfrid Laurier Grave Site Plaque Unveiling Ceremony, Ottawa, Ontario, July 1, 2000 / Dévoilement d'une plaque en commémoration du lieu de sépulture du très honorable sir Wilfrid Laurier, Ottawa, Ontario, Le 1er juillet 2000 (Parks Canada, 2000)

Heritage Rivers Bibliography: Selected References Document No. IO793 (Planning Division ARC Branch, Parks Canada, December 1979)

Historic Landmarks Association of Canada Annual Reports: 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1920, 1921 (Historic Landmarks Association of Canada, 1915-1921)

Report of the Superintendent of Rocky Mountains Park, Department of the Interior for the Year 1887 (George A. Stewart, Department of the Interior, 1888)

From Impacts to Adaptation: Canada in a Changing Climate 2007 / Vivre avec les changements climatiques au Canada: ├ędition 2007 (Donald S. Lemmen, Fiona J. Warren, Jacinthe Lacroix and Elizabeth Bush, eds., Natural Resources Canada, ©Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, 2008)

New National Park Planning

Bowen Island

Aboriginal Consultation: The Feasibility Assessment of the Potential for National Park Reserve Lands on Bowen Island / Consultation des Groupes Autochtones: Évaluation de faisabilité pour la créion d'une réserve de parc national à l'île Bowen (Parks Canada, c2010)

Areas of Interest from the Revised Park Concept / Zones d'intér≖t du concept de parc révisé (Parks Canada, August 25, 2011)

Bowen Island Feasibility Assessment: Synopsis of Publication Consultations — Phase 1 / Étude de faisabilité menée à l'île Bowen: Synthèse de la première phase de consultations publiques (Parks Canada, c2010)

Economic Impact Assessment of the Potential For National Park Reserve Lands on Bowen Island (Lions Gate Consulting, January 28, 2011)

Feasibility Assessment of the Potential for National Park Reserve Lands on Bowen Island / Évaluation de faisabilité concernant la désignation de terres de réserve de parc national à l'île Bowen (Parks Canada, c2010)

Information: A Feasibility Assessment of the Potential for National Park Reserve Lands on Bowen Island Information: Évaluation de faisabilité pour la créion d'une réserve de parc national à l'île Bowen (Parks Canada, c2010)

Preliminary Findings Report for the assessment of national park reserve lands on Bowen Island / Rapport des conclusions préliminaires en vue de la création éventuelle d'une réserve de parc national à l'île Bowen (Parks Canada, August 2011)

Preliminary National Park Reserve Concept for Bowen Island / Concept préliminaire de réserve de parc national pour l'île Bowen (Parks Canada, February 26, 2011)

Revised Park Concept for the assessment of national park reserve lands on Bowen Island / Concept de parc révisé en vue de la création éventuelle d'une réserve de parc national à l'île Bowen (Parks Canada, August 25, 2011)

Revised Park Concept Overview: Feasibility Assessment of the Potential for National Park Reserve Lands on Bowen Island / Aperçu de concept de parc revisé: Une évaluation de faisabilité concernant le projet de réserve de parc national à l'île Bowen (Parks Canada, August 25, 2011)

Social Impact Assessment of the Potential for National Park Reserve Lands on Bowen Island (Lion Gate Consulting, June 27, 2011)

Social Impact Assessment of the Potential for National Park Reserve Lands on Bowen Island: Executive Summary / Évaluation de l'impact social Project de création d'une reserve de parc national à l'île Bown: Sommaire (Lion Gate Consulting, June 27, 2011)

The Feasibility Assessment of the Potential for National Park Reserve Lands on Bowen Island: Project Update / Évaluation de faisabilité pour la créion d'une réserve de parc national à l'île Bowen: Mise à jour du project (Parks Canada, January 2011)

Understanding the Process: A Feasibility Assessment of the Potential for National Park Reserve Lands on Bowen Island / Comprendre la processus: Une évaluation de faisabilité concernant le projet de réserve de parc national à l'île Bowen (Parks Canada, c2010)

Qausuittuq (Bathurst Island)

Economic and Strategic Value of Oil and Gas Potential Indentified in the Bathurst Area (Inukitut) / Valeur économique et stratégique du potentiel pérolier et gazier exposé dans l'erme de Bathurst (G.R. Morrell and D.R. Smith, Parks Canada, 2001)

Map: Feasibility Study Area for a National Park Proposal on Bathurst Island (Inukitut) / Carte: Aire d'étude de faisabilité pour le projet de parc national sur l'ile Bathurst (Parks Canada, November 1, 2011)

Map: Proposed Bathurst Island National Park Boundary (Inukitut) / Carte: Projet de parc national sur l'île Bathurst Limites proposées (Parks Canada, October 27, 2011)

Map: Proposed Bathurst Island National Park Land Withdrawl (Inukitut) / Carte: Projet de parc national sur l'île Bathurst Terres déclarées inaliénables (Parks Canada, October 27, 2011)

Mineral and Energy Resource Assessment of Bathurst Island Area, Nunavut: Figure 1, 3, 4, 13, 15, 16, 18, 19, 21, 22 Geological Survey of Canada Open File 3714 (C.D. Anglin and J.C. Harrison, eds., Natural Resources Canada, April 21, 1999)

North Bathurst Island Archaeological Project: Final Report (Inukitut) / Projet archéologique du nord de l'île Bathurst: Rapport final (Robert McGhee, Parks Canada, January 31, 1997)

Peary Caribou — A Case for a National Park on Northern Bathurst Island (Inukitut) / Caribou de Peary — projet de parc national dans le Nord de l'île Bathurst (Frank L. Miller, Parks Canada, April 25, 2001)

Qausuittuq National Park: Update on the national park proposal on Bathurst Island (Inukitut) / Parc National Qausuittuq Le point sur le projet de parc national sur l'île Bathurst (Parks Canada, November 2012)

Summary of a Recent Study of Microsatellite Variation In the Muskox Ovibos moschatus and Notes on Importance of Bathurst Island to Peary Caribou Rangifer tarandus pearyi and Muskox Persistence In the High Arctic (Inukitut) / Résume d'une récente étude sur la variation des microsatellites chez la population de boeuf musquéa (Ovibos moschatus) et notes sur l'importance de l'île Bathurst pour la préservation du caribou de Peary (Rangifer tarandus pearyi) et du bœuf musqué dans le Haut-Arctique (Peter J. van Coeverden de Groot, Parks Canada, December 2001)

Travelling to Bathurst Island: Interviews from Resolute Bay (Inukitut) / Voyages à l'île Bathurst: entrevues réalisées à Resolute Bay (Rhoda Arreak, ed., Parks Canada, 1997)

Update on our work to create a new national park on northern Bathurst Island (Inukitut) / Le point sur nos efforts en vue de la création d'un nouveau parc national dans le Nord de l'île Bathurst (Parks Canada, September 2010)

Mineral and Energy Resource Assessment of Bathurst Island Area, Nunavut Geological Survey of Canada Open File 3714 (C.D. Anglin and J.C. Harrison, eds., Natural Resources Canada, April 21, 1999)

South Okanagan

Protected Areas Framework for British Columbia's South Okanagan: Intentions Paper (British Columbia Parks, August 2015)

Protected Areas Framework for British Columbia's South Okanagan: Intentions Paper, Consultation Summary (British Columbia Parks, August 2015)

Southern Strait of Georgia

Project Update, Proposed National Marine Conservation Area Reserve, Southern Strait of Georgia / Mise à jour du projet: Projet de réserve d'aire marine nationale de conservation Détroit de Georgia Sud (Parks Canada, Spring 2012)

Southern Strait of Georgia National Marine Conservation Area Reserve Boundary Concept (Parks Canada, January 2011)

Thaidene Nëné

Background: Thaidene Nëné Proposed National Park Reserve / Contexte: Projet de Réserve de Parc National Thaidene Nëné (Parks Canada, undated)

Boundary Considerations: Thaidene Nëné Proposed National Park Reserve / Facteurs considérées pour les limites: Projet de Réserve de Parc National Thaidene Nëné (Parks Canada, undated)

Migratory tundra caribou seasonal and annual distributioni relative to Thaidene Nene, a national park reserve proposal in the East Arm of Great Slave Lake and Artillery Lake area, Northwest Territories / R&eaute;partition saisonnière et annuelle du caribou migrateur de la toundra par rapport à Thaidene Nene, un projet de réserve de parc national dans la région du bras Est du Grand lac des Esclaves et du lac Artillery, dans les Territoires du Nord-Ouest (Anne Gunn, Kim G. Poole and J. Wierzchowski, Parks Canada, January 2011)

Ecological Values Summary: Thaidene Nëné Proposed National Park Reserve / Valeurs Écologiques: Projet de Réserve de Parc National Thaidene Nëné (Parks Canada, undated)

Frequently Asked Questions: Thaidene Nëné Proposed National Park Reserve / Foire aux questions: Projet de Réserve de Parc National Thaidene Nëné (Parks Canada, undated)

Landscape Values Summary: Thaidene Nëné Proposed National Park Reserve / Résumé: Projet de Réserve de Parc National Thaidene Nëné (Parks Canada, undated)

Map: Proposed Thaidene Nëné National Park Reserve Boundary for Consultation / Carte: Limite proposée consultation du project de réserve de parc national Thaidene Nëné (Parks Canada, July 2015)

Mineral and energy resource assessment of the proposed Thaidene Nene National Park Reserve in the area of the East Arm of Great Slave Lake, Northwest Territories (Maps: Bedrock Geology, Surfcial Geology) (D.F. Wright, E.J. Ambrose, D. Lemkow and G.F. Bonham-Carter, Department of Natural Resources Canada, 2013, ©Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, all rights reserved)

Proposed Thaidene Nëné National Park Reserve MERA study / Projet de Réserve de Parc National Thaidene Nëné L'étude ERME (Department of Natural Resources Canada, 2013, ©Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, all rights reserved)

Parks Canada and Lutsël K'e Dene First Nation Negotiations / Négociations entre Parcs Canada et la Première Nation des Dénés de Lutsël K'e (Parks Canada, undated)

Overview: Thaidene Nëné Proposed National Park Reserve / Aperçu: Projet de Réserve de Parc National Thaidene Nëné (Parks Canada, undated)

Preliminary Area of Interest for a National Park in the East Arm of Great Slave Lake, Northwest Territories: Executive Summary / Zone d'intérêt préliminaire en vue de la création d'un parc national dans la région du bras Est du Grand lac des Esclaves, Territoires du Nort-Ouest (Claude Mondor, Parks Canada, March 2006)



Friends of Canada's National Parks
Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society National Trust for Canada Network in Canadian History and Environment George Wright Society Canadian Parks Council

NPS History For information about the (U.S.) National Park Service, please visit our companion Website: NPSHistory.com


Please Note: Publications produced by Parks Canada, Environment Canada, and Natural Resources Canada are not in the public domain but are copyrighted by the Government of Canada (Crown). The electronic editions of these publications are for non-commercial purposes and do not permit re-use; please respect these copyright-holders by merely linking to this content and not re-posting. Please consult with the appropriate Government of Canada agencies for additional copyright clearance information. Due diligence has been employed in scanning these documents in an attempt to ensure the accuracy of the materials reproduced; however, these should not be viewed as official versions of the original nor having been made in affiliation with or with the endorsement of Parks Canada, Environment Canada, or Natural Resources Canada. Most of the electronic documents were scanned from the English-language edition of these publications, though we endeavour to provide either dual-language or French-language editions when possible. Copies of License to Reproduce Copyrighted Works Owned by the Crown obtained from these agencies graciously permitting these digital reproductions are on file.

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