Canadian Historic Sites: Occasional Papers in Archaeology and History No. 21
Whisky, Horses and Death:
The Cypress Hills Massacre and its Sequel
by Philip Goldring
For about three years before the establishment of Fort Walsh in 1875,
the Cypress Hills had been a haven for whisky traders. Their activities
are chiefly remembered for the slaughter inflicted in 1873 on a band of
Assiniboine by some of the traders and a passing band of white men from
Montana. The immediate cause of the massacre was the supposed theft of a
trader's horse, but the case gave rise to wide controversy about the
value and application of the law to native peoples on the frontier of
white trade and settlement.
Submitted for publication 1973, by Philip Goldring, National Historic
Parks and Site Branch, Ottawa.