York Factory National Historic Site
Lieu historique national York Factory

Park Photo
Parks Canada photo

York Factory National Historic Site is a 17th century fur trade post built by the Hudson’s Bay Company (HBC) near the mouth of the Hayes River on Hudson Bay, 250 km southeast of Churchill, Manitoba. Surrounded by marsh and boreal forest, this isolated 250-hectare site includes ruins of the former Hudson’s Bay compound now dominated by the company’s grand Depot building. Journey to York Factory, a Hudson's Bay Company depot set in the remote Hudson Bay wilderness. This isolated post was a vital fur trade hub for more than 250 years and was the gateway to the vast interior for British trade goods, settlers and soldiers.

Le lieu historique national du Canada York Factory est un poste de traite des fourrures établi au XVIIe siècle par la Compagnie de la Baie d'Hudson (CBH), à proximité de l'embouchure de la rivière Hayes, sur la baie d'Hudson, à 250 km au sud-est de Churchill, au Manitoba. Entouré de marais et d'une forêt boréale, ce site isolé de 250 hectares contient les ruines d'un complexe de la CBH qui abrite maintenant un des grands entrepôts de la compagnie. Venez à York Factory, un entrepôt de la Compagnie de la Baie d’Hudson situé dans une région isolée de la baie d’Hudson, qui fut un carrefour vital du commerce des fourrures pendant plus de 250 ans. Porte d’entrée vers les vastes terres pour les marchandises britanniques, des colons et des soldats.

Source: Parks Canada Website (2022)

Established: 1936

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Brochures expand section

Management Documents

Management Plan / Plan directeur (Parks Canada, 2007)

Historical Documents

"a monstrous blot on a swampy spot": The Hudson's Bay Company's 275-Year Love Affair with York Factory (Scott Stephen, Parks Canada, undated)

An overview of the Hudson Bay marine ecosystem Canadian Technical Report of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2586 (D.B. Stewart and W.L. Lockhart, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, 2005)

Beads from the Hudson's Bay Company's Principal Depot, York Factory, Manitoba, Canada (Karlis Karklins and Gary F. Adams, extract from BEADS: Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers, Vol. 25, 2013)

Bricks at York Factory Research Bulletin No. 237 (Jennifer F.A. Hamilton, Parks Canada, March 1985)

Chronology of Terrestrial Den Use by Polar Bears in Western Hudson Bay as Indicated by Tree Growth Anomalies (Peter A. Scott and Ian Stirling, extract from Arctic, Vol. 55 No. 2, June 2002, ©The Arctic Institute of America)

Commemorative Integrity Statement / L'objectif de commémoration (Parks Canada, 2017)

Heritage Character Statement / Énoncé de valeur patrimoniale, York Factory National Historic Site

Depot Building / Dépôt (FHBRO No. 88-72, July 4, 1991, Canadian Register of Historic Places)

Lt. Aemilius Simpson's Survey from York Factory to Fort Vancouver, 1826 (William Barr and Larry Green, eds., extract from The Journal of the Hakluyt Society, August 2014)

Permafrost at York Factory National Historic Site of Canada, Manitoba, Canada (Parks Canada, 2009)

Supplemental Climate Information: York Factory National Historic Site and Wapusk National Park (Scott Parker, Parks Canada, November 1-2, 2017)

The Churchill Archaeological Investigations, August 1978 Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 368 (David Meyer, Parks Canada, 1979)

The Cycle of Commerce: York Factory Records of Hudson's Bay Company Supplies for the Northern Department, 1843-1845 (Ruth May, extract from Archivaria, Vol. 24, Summer 1987, ©all rights reserved)

The Most Respectable Place in the Territory : Everyday Life in Hudson's Bay Company Service, York Factory, 1788 to 1870 / L'endroit le plus respectable du territoire : la vie quotidienne au service de la Compagnie de la baie d'Hudson à York Factory, 1788 à 1870 Studies in Archaeology, Architecture and History / Ètude en archèologie, architecture and histoire (Michael Payne, Parks Canada, 1988)

The York Factory Medical Journals, 1846-52 (Jody F. Decker, extract from Canadian Bulletin of Medical History, Vol. 14, 1997)

Trade, Consumption and the Native Economy: Lessons from York Factory, Hudson Bay (Ann M. Carlos, August 2000)

Western Hudson Bay and Its Beluga Estuaries: Protecting Abundance for a Sustainable Future (Paul Labun and Christopher Debicki, ©Oceans North, April 2018)

York Factory: A Structural History Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 297 (George Ingram, Parks Canada, 1979)

York Factory: A Land-use History Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 444 (Bruce F. Donaldson, Parks Canada, 1980)

York Factory — National Historic Site of Canada, Kichewaskahikun (Cree) ("The Great House") (Mell Chapple, extract from Heritage at Risk 2006/2007, 2006, ©ICOMOS Canada)

York Factory Depot Building (Hayes River, Northern Manitoba) (Manitoba Historical Society, August 6, 2017)

York Factory National Historic Site (Lillian Stewart, excerpt from Manitoba History, No. 15, Spring 1988)

York Factory National Historic Site of Canada: Planning the Future for a Place with a Momentous Past (Kevin Lunn, excerpt from Manitoba History, No. 48, Autumn/Winter 2004-2005)

York Factory Saved (Frank Hall, excerpt from Manitoba Pageant, Vol. 14 No. 1, Autumn 1968)

Books/Livres expand section

Last Updated: 01-Jan-2023