Parks Canada History

CELEBRATING CANADA'S SESQUICENTENNIAL   ♦   1867-2017
Copyright, Parks Canada
Nahanni National Park Reserve, Northwest Territories • Auyuittuq National Park, Nunavut • Tuktut Nogait National Park, Northwest Territories/Nunavut • Wood Buffalo National Park, Northwest Territories/Alberta (clockwise, from top left — ©Parks Canada)

History of Parks Canada Electronic Library

Welcome / Bienvenue! The History of Parks Canada Electronic Library is a portal to electronic publications covering the cultural and natural history of the Canadian national park system, which includes 46 national parks/reserves, one urban park, over 970 historic sites (171 of which are administered by Parks Canada, which includes nine heritage canals), four marine conservation areas/reserves, and one landmark, along with documents from the history of the agency that has been entrusted to manage this system: Parks Canada/Parcs Canada.

This Website is not affiliated with the Government of Canada/Parks Canada, but is an independent effort to showcase the history of the Parks Canada Agency and the Canadian National Park and Historic Site System.

Heritage Minutes
click on image to view video (English), (Édition Français)
Inukshuk

Heritage Minutes
click on image to view video (English only)
Kenojuak Ashevak

The information contained in this Website is historical in scope and is not meant as an aid for travel planning; please refer to the official Parks Canada/Parcs Canada Websites for current information.

In celebration of Canada's 150th birthday, throughout 2017 we have been highlighting the national parks and national historic sites of each province and territory — areas that have been set aside to help capture the unique natural history and rich cultural heritage of Canada.


Books of the Month
Records of Our History
book cover
Dreams of Empire: Canada before 1700
book cover
Rêves d'empire: Le Canada avant 1700
book cover
Taking Root: Canada from 1700 to 1760
book cover
L'enracinement: Le Canada de 1700 à 1760
(André Vachon, Public Archives Canada, 1982)
click on book cover to read digital edition
(André Vachon, Public Archives Canada, 1985)
click on book cover to read digital edition
book cover
Colonial Identities: Canada from 1760 to 1816
book cover
Identités colonials: Le Canada de 1760 à 1816
book cover
A Future Defined: Canada from 1849 to 1873
book cover
Édifier l'avenir: Le Canada de 1849 à 1873
(Bruce G. Wilson, National Archives of Canada, 1988)
click on book cover to read digital edition
(George Bolotenko, National Archives of Canada, 1992)
click on book cover to read digital edition
Canada and the Aboriginal Peoples, 1867-1927 / Le Canada et les peuples autochtones, 1867-1927
(James R. Miller, Canadian Historical Association Booklet No. 57, 1997)
The Northwest Territories, 1905-1980 / Les Territoires du Nord-Ouest, 1905-1980
(Morris Zaslow, Canadian Historical Association Booklet No. 38, 1984)

Tallurutiup Imanga / Lancaster Sound
Proposed Tallurutiup Imanga / Lancaster Sound National Marine Conservation Area (Mark Mallory, ©Parks Canada)

Northwest Territories
Territoires du Nord-Ouest

(Areas managed by Parks Canada / Zones gérées par Parcs Canada)
Canada 150
National Parks / Parcs nationaux
Aulavik/ Aulavik
Tuktut Nogait / Tuktut Nogait
Wood Buffalo / Wood Buffalo


National Park Reserves / Réserves de parc national
Nááts'ihch'oh / Nááts'ihch'oh
Nahanni / Nahanni
National Historic Sites / Lieux historiques nationaux
Saoy/ú-Ehdacho / Saoy/ú-Ehdacho

Please consult Park Summaries / Résumés parc for a complete list including site descriptions.
Nunavut
Nunavut

(Areas managed by Parks Canada / Zones gérées par Parcs Canada)
Canada 150
National Parks / Parcs nationaux
Auyuittuq / Auyuittuq
Qausuittuq / Qausuittuq
Quttinirpaaq / Quttinirpaaq
Sirmilik / Sirmilik
Ukkusiksalik / Ukkusiksalik
National Historic Sites / Lieux historiques nationaux
Wrecks of HMS Erebus and HMS Terror / Épaves-du-HMS Erebus-et-du-HMS Terror

Please consult Park Summaries / Résumés parc for a complete list including site descriptions.


New eLibrary Additions

Canada's Wild Buffalo (Maxwell Graham and F.V. Seibert, Department of the Interior/North West Territories and Yukon Branch, 1923)

A Prospectus of Historic Sites in the Northwest Territories Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 81 (Richard J. Young, Parks Canada, 1970)

Bathurst Inlet — A Natural Area of Canadian Significance / L'inlet Bathurst, une aire naturelle d'intérêt canadien (Parks Canada, 1978)

La baie Wager, une aire naturelle d'intérêt canadien (Parcs Canada, 1978)

Pingos of Tuktoyaktuk — A Natural Site of Canadian Significance (Parks Canada, 1978)

Canadian Eskimo Art / L'art esquimau au Canada (Department of Northern Affairs and National Resources, 1957/1963)

Ancient Harpoon Heads of Nunavut: An Illustrated Guide (Robert W. Park and Douglas R. Stenton, Parks Canada, 1998)

Ancient Stone Tools of Nunavut: An Illustrated Guide (Douglas R. Stenton and Robert W. Park, Parks Canada, 1998)

Hay Camp/Ejere K'elni Kue: A Social and Land-Use History, 1922-2001 (Diane Payment, Patrick Carroll and David Hems, Parks Canada, 2001)

The Political Economy of Bison Management in Wood Buffalo National Park (Patricia A. McCormack, extract from Arctic, Vol. 45 No. 4, December 1992)

Trends in the Distribution and Abundance of Bison in Wood Buffalo National Park (Ludwig N. Carbyn, Nicholas J. Lunn and Keven Timoney, extract from Wildlife Society Bulletin, Vol. 26 No. 3, Fall 1998)

Managing Disease Risk in Northern Alberta Wood Bison - Outside of Wood Buffalo National Park 2015-2016 Progress Report (Alberta Environment and Parks, June 2017)

Kazan Heritage River: Ten-Year Review (Nunavut Department of Sustainable Development/Parks and Tourism Division, November 2000)

Caribou, river and ocean: Harvaqtuurmiut landscape organization and orientation (Darren Keith, extract from Études/Inuit/Studies, Vol. 282, 2004)

Harvaqtuuq: Place Names of the Lower Kazan River (The Harvaqtuurmiut Elders, Darren Keith, Joan Scottie and Ruby Mautara'inaaq, Parks Canada, 1995)

New Parks North: An annual progress report on natural and cultural initiatives in Northern Canada: 19971998199920002001200220032004200520062007201120122013

Nouveaux parcs dans le Nord: Sommaire des nouveaux projets de conservation du patrimoine naturel et culturel dans le Nord: 19971998199920002001200220032004200520062007

New Parks North: An annual progress report on natural and cultural initiatives in Northern Canada (Inukitut): 2004200520062007

The North West Territories 1930 (F.H. Kitto, Department of the Interior, North West Territories and Yukon Branch, 1930)

Une question de survivance: le Caribou (Renne Arctique) (Canadian Wildlife Service, c1950, ©Her Majesty The Queen in Right of Canada, as represented by the Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

Effects of forest fires on the winter range of barren-ground caribou in northern Saskatchewan Canadian Wildlife Service Bulletin Series 1 Number 18 (George Wilby Scotter, Canadian Wildlife Service, 1964, ©Her Majesty The Queen in Right of Canada, as represented by the Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

The effects of fire on the ecology of the Boreal Forest, with particular reference to the Canadian north: a review and selected bibliography Canadian Wildlife Service Occasional Paper Number 32 (John P. Kelsall, E. S. Telfer and Thomas D. Wright, Canadian Wildlife Service, 1977, ©Her Majesty The Queen in Right of Canada, as represented by the Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

Continued barren-ground caribou studies Canadian Wildlife Service Bulletin Series 1 Number 12 (John P. Kelsall, Canadian Wildlife Service, 1957, ©Her Majesty The Queen in Right of Canada, as represented by the Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

Fur Trade Posts of the Northwest Territories, 1870-1970 (Peter J. Usher, Information Canada, 1971)

Public Consultation in the Preparation of a Management Plan for Grand-Pré National Historic Park, January 1984 — Newsletter No. 3 / Consultation publique dans la preéparation du'un plan de gestion pour le parc historique national de Grand-Pré, janvier, 1984 — Bulletin No. 3 (Parks Canada, March 1984)

Fort William: Hinge of a Nation (National Heritage Limited, c1970)

Cape Breton Highlands National Park Provisional Master Plan / Parc national du Cap-Breton Plan-cadre provisoire (Parks Canada, 1970)

The Park Insider, Riding Mountain National Park: Issue 2, Summer 2017 / La gazette du parc: Numéro 2, Été 2017 (Parks Canada)

Towards Serving Visitors and Managing Our Resources Proceedings of a North American Workshop on Visitor Management in Parks and Protected Areas, February 14-17, 1989 (Parks Canada & Tourism Research and Education Centre, c1990)

Brochures: Port au Choix (1990)Banff-Windermere Parkway (c1970s) (Parks Canada)

Video: Steam, Schemes and National Dreams (National Film Board of Canada, 1984)



Friends of Canada's National Parks
Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society National Trust for Canada Network in Canadian History and Environment George Wright Society Canadian Parks Council

NPS History For historical information about the (U.S.) National Park Service, please visit our companion Website: NPSHistory.com


Please Note: Publications produced by Parks Canada, Environment Canada, and Natural Resources Canada are not in the public domain but are copyrighted by the Government of Canada (Crown). The electronic editions of these publications are for non-commercial purposes and do not permit re-use; please respect these copyright-holders by merely linking to this content and not re-posting. Please consult with the appropriate Government of Canada agencies for additional copyright clearance information. Due diligence has been employed in scanning these documents in an attempt to ensure the accuracy of the materials reproduced; however, these should not be viewed as official versions of the original nor having been made in affiliation with or with the endorsement of Parks Canada, Environment Canada, or Natural Resources Canada. Copies of License to Reproduce Copyrighted Works Owned by the Crown obtained from these agencies graciously permitting us to host these digital reproductions are on file. Use of this Website is done so at your own risk; we are not responsible for any loss or damage arising from information or links contained within this site.

Our National Parks — North America's Best Idea