Parks Canada History

CELEBRATING CANADA'S 150th BIRTHDAY   ♦   July 1, 1867-2017
Copyright, Parks Canada
Cape Breton Highlands National Park (left); Kejimkujik National Park (right), Nova Scotia (©Parks Canada)

History of Parks Canada Electronic Library

Books of the Month

(Volume One)

(Volume Two)
"An appearance of strength": The Fortifications of Louisbourg

(Volume un)

(Volume deux)
«Un air de fort»: Les fortifications de Louisbourg
Studies in Archaeology, Architecture, and History / Études en arch&eaute;ologie, architecture et histoire
(Bruce W. Fry, Parks Canada, 1984)
click on book cover to read digital edition
The Making of the Maritime Provinces, 1713-1784 / L'émergence des provinces maritimes, 1713-1784
(W.S. McNutt, Canadian Historical Association Booklet No. 4, 1970)
Louisbourg: Atlantic Fortress and Seaport / Louisbourg: forteresse et port de l'Atlantique
(Terry Crowley, Canadian Historical Association Booklet No. 48, 1990)
Henry Aline and Maritime Religion / Henri Alline et la religion des maritimes
(D.G. Bell, Canadian Historical Association Booklet No. 51, 1993)

Welcome / Bienvenue! The History of Parks Canada Electronic Library is a portal to electronic publications covering the cultural and natural history of the Canadian park system, which includes 46 national parks/reserves and one national urban park, 171 historic sites (including nine heritage canals), four marine conservation areas/reserves, and one landmark, along with documents from the history of the agency that has been entrusted to manage this system: Parks Canada/Parcs Canada.

This Website is not affiliated with the Government of Canada/Parks Canada, but is an independent effort to showcase the history of the Parks Canada Agency and the Canadian National Park and Historic Site System.

The information contained in this Website is historic in scope and is not meant as an aid for travel planning; please refer to the official Parks Canada/Parcs Canada Websites for current information.

Heritage Minutes
click on image to view video (English), (Édition Français)
Viola Desmond

In celebration of Canada's 150th birthday, throughout 2017 we will be highlighting the national parks and national historic sites of each province and territory — areas that have been set aside to help capture the unique natural history and rich cultural heritage of Canada.




Nova Scotia
Nouvelle-Écosse

(Areas managed by Parks Canada / Zones gérées par Parcs Canada)
Canada 150
National Parks / Parcs nationaux
Cape Breton Highlands / Hautes-Terres-du-Cap-Breton
Kejimkukik / Kejimkukik


National Park Reserve / Réserve de parc national
Sable Island / l'Île de Sable
National Historic Sites / Lieux historiques nationaux
Alexander Graham Bell / Alexander-Graham-Bell
Beaubassin / Beaubassin
Bloody Creek / Bloody Creek
Canso Islands / Îles-Canso
Charles Fort / Fort-Charles
D'Anville's Encampment / l'Encampement-d'Anville
Fort Anne / Fort-Anne
Fort Edward / Fort-Edward
Fort Lawrence / Fort-Lawrence
Fort McNab / Fort-McNab
Fort Sainte Marie de Grace / Fort-Sainte-Marie-de-Grâce
Fortress of Louisbourg / Forteresse-de-Louisbourg
Georges Island / Île-Georges
Grand-Pré / Grand-Pré
Grassy Island For / Fort-de-l'Île-Grassy
Halifax Citadel / Citadelle-d'Halifax
Kejimkukik / Kejimkukik
Marconi / Marconi
Melanson Settlement / l'Établissement-Melanson
Port-Royal / Port-Royal
Prince of Wales Tower / Tour-Prince-de-Galles
Royal Battery / Batterie-Royale
St. Peters / St. Peters
St. Peters Canal / Canal-de-St. Peters
Wolfe's Landing / Débarquement-de-Wolfe
York Redoubt / Redoute-York

Please consult Park Summaries / Résumés parc for a complete list including site descriptions.


New eLibrary Additions

The Acadians at Grand Pré Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 1 (Margaret Coleman, Parks Canada, 1968)

Acadian Settlement in the Atlantic Provinces Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 8 (Margaret Coleman, Parks Canada, 1967)

The Acadians at Port Royal Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 10 (Margaret Coleman, Parks Canada, 1969)

Louisburg and the Indians: A Study In Imperial Race Relations, 1713-1760 History and Archaeology/Histoire et archéologie 6 (Linda M. Hoad, Parks Canada, 1976)

Surgeons and Surgery in Ile Royale History and Archaeology/Histoire et archéologie 6 (Olive Patricia Dickason, Parks Canada, 1976)

A History of the South Magazine at Fort Anne Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 110 (Maxwell Sutherland, Parks Canada, April 1973)

Seasons, Storms and Time, Meteorological Observations in Halifax in the Nineteenth Century Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 338 (James H. Morrison, Parks Canada, 1979)

Wave to Whisper: British Military Communications in Halifax and the Empire, 1780-1880 Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 338 (James H. Morrison, Parks Canada, 1979)

Defending Halifax: Ordnance, 1825-1906 / La Défense de Halifax: artillerie, 1825-1906 History and Archaeology/Histoire et archéologie 46 (A. J. B. Johnston, Parks Canada, 1981)

Wave to Whisper: British Military Communications in Halifax and the Empire, 1780-1880 History and Archaeology/Histoire et archéologie 64 (James H. Morrison, Parks Canada, 1984)

Transportation in Northern Cape Breton Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 363 (R.H. McDonald, Parks Canada, 1979)

18th Century French Drumming Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 270 (Margaret Fortier, Parks Canada, 1977)

Officers of Isle Royale (1744) - Accommodations and Biographical Summaries Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 270 (A.J.B. Johnston, Parks Canada, 1978)

The Population of Louisbourg, 1713-1758 Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 303 (Barbara Schmeisser, Parks Canada, 1976)

Tribunaux et lois de Louisbourg Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 303 ( Gilles Proulx, Parks Canada, 1975)

Miscellaneous Louisbourg Reports Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 317 (Parks Canada, 1974-78)
Commodity Imports of Louisbourg, Fortress of Louisbourg (Christopher Moore, Parks Canada, 1975)
Place du Port, Fortress of Louisbourg (Christopher Moore, Parks Canada, 1974)
Street Life and Public Activities in Louisbourg; Four Studies for Animators (Christopher Moore, Parks Canada, 1978)

French Table Glass from the Fortress of Louisbourg, Nova Scotia / Le verre de table français de la forteresse de Louisbourg, Nouvelle-Ecosse History and Archaeology/Histoire et archéologie 29 (Paul McNally, Parks Canada, 1979)

Eighteenth-Century French Blue-Green Bottles from the Fortress of Louisbourg, Nova Scotia / Bouteilles françaises bleu-vert du XVIIIe siècle, récupérées à la forteresse de Louisbourg, Nouvelle-Ecosse History and Archaeology/Histoire et archéologie 29 (Jane E. Harris, Parks Canada, 1979)

"An appearance of strength": The Fortifications of Louisbourg, Vol. 1 / «Un air de fort»: Les fortifications de Louisbourg, Vol. un (Bruce W. Fry, Parks Canada, 1984)

"An appearance of strength": The Fortifications of Louisbourg, Vol. 2 / «Un air de fort»: Les fortifications de Louisbourg, Vol. deux (Bruce W. Fry, Parks Canada, 1984)

Progress of the Archaeological Survey Project Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic Park, 1987-88 Research Bulletin 277 (Charles A. Burke, May 1989)

Birds of Kejimkujik / Oiseaux de Kejimkujik (Parks Canada, 1979)

Management Plan, Kejimkujik National Park (Parks Canada, 1995)

Master Plan Summary, Kejimkujik National Park (Parks Canada, c1978)

Management Plan, Grand-Pré National Historic Park / Plan de Gestion, Parc Historique National de Grand-Pré (Parks Canada, April 1985)

Master Plan Summary, Halifax Citadel National Historic Park (Parks Canada, 1981)

Canadian Protected Areas Status Report: 2000-2005, 2006-2011, 2012-2015 / Rapport sur la situation des aires protégées du Canada 2000-2005, 2006-2011, 2012-2015 (©Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, represented by the Minister of Environment and Climate Change)

The Parks Canada Review Centennial Edition / La revue Parcs Canada Édition du centenaire (Parks Canada, 2011)

A Climatic Handbook for Glacier National Park — with Data for Waterton Lakes National Park USFS General Technical Report INT-GTR-204 (Arnold I. Finklin, U.S. Forest Service, 1986)

Brochures: Wood Buffalo (1970), Wood Buffalo (1979), Nahanni (1975), Pukaskwa (1987) (Parks Canada)



Friends of Canada's National Parks
Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society National Trust for Canada Network in Canadian History and Environment George Wright Society Canadian Parks Council

NPS History For information about the (U.S.) National Park Service, please visit our companion Website: NPSHistory.com


Please Note: Publications produced by Parks Canada, Environment Canada, and Natural Resources Canada are not in the public domain but are copyrighted by the Government of Canada (Crown). The electronic editions of these publications are for non-commercial purposes and do not permit re-use; please respect these copyright-holders by merely linking to this content and not re-posting. Please consult with the appropriate Government of Canada agencies for additional copyright clearance information. Due diligence has been employed in scanning these documents in an attempt to ensure the accuracy of the materials reproduced; however, these should not be viewed as official versions of the original nor having been made in affiliation with or with the endorsement of Parks Canada, Environment Canada, or Natural Resources Canada. Most of the electronic documents were scanned from the English-language edition of these publications, though we endeavour to provide either dual-language or French-language editions when possible. Copies of License to Reproduce Copyrighted Works Owned by the Crown obtained from these agencies graciously permitting these digital reproductions are on file.

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