Parks Canada History

CELEBRATING CANADA'S 150th BIRTHDAY   ♦   July 1, 1867-2017
Copyright, Parks Canada
Fundy National Park (left); Kouchibouguac National Park (right), New Brunswick (©Parks Canada)

History of Parks Canada Electronic Library


Books of the Month

Canada: A People's History
Volume One

Le Canada: Une Histoire Populaire
Des origines à la confédération

Canada: A People's History
Volume Two

Le Canada: Une Histoire Populaire
De la confédération à nos jours
(covers only, no digital editions available)
Aspects of Maritime Regionalism, 1867-1927 / Certains aspects du régionalisme dans les provinces maritimes, 1867-1927
(Ernest R. Forbes, Canadian Historical Association Booklet No. 36, 1983)
Shipping and Shipbuilding in Atlantic Canada, 1820-1914 / Transports maritimes et construction navale dans les Provinces atlantiques, 1820-1914
(Eric W. Sager and Lewis R. Fischer, Canadian Historical Association Booklet No. 42, 1986)
Reciprocity, 1846-1911 / La Réciprocité, 1846-1911
(D.C. Masters, Canadian Historical Association Booklet No. 12, 1983)

Welcome / Bienvenue! The History of Parks Canada Electronic Library is a portal to electronic publications covering the cultural and natural history of the Canadian park system, which includes 46 national parks/reserves and one national urban park, 171 historic sites (including nine heritage canals), four marine conservation areas/reserves, and one landmark, along with documents from the history of the agency that has been entrusted to manage this system: Parks Canada/Parcs Canada.

This Website is not affiliated with the Government of Canada/Parks Canada, but is an independent effort to showcase the history of the Parks Canada Agency and the Canadian National Park and Historic Site System.

The information contained in this Website is historic in scope and is not meant as an aid for travel planning; please refer to the official Parks Canada/Parcs Canada Websites for current information.

Heritage Minutes
click on image to view video (English), (Édition Français)
Jacques Cartier

Heritage Minutes
click on image to view video (English), (Édition Français)
Vimy Ridge

In celebration of Canada's 150th birthday, throughout 2017 we will be highlighting the national parks and national historic sites of each province and territory — areas that have been set aside to help capture the unique natural history and rich cultural heritage of Canada.





New Brunswick
Nouvellée-Brunswick

(Areas managed by Parks Canada / Zones gérées par Parcs Canada)
Canada 150
National Parks / Parcs nationaux
Fundy / Fundy
Kouchibouguac / Kouchibouguac
National Historic Sites / Lieux historiques nationaux
Beaubears Island Shipbuilding / Construction-Navale-à-l'Île-Beaubears
Boishébert / Boishébert
Carelton Martello Towers / Tour-Martello-de-Carlton
Four Beauséjour-Fort Cumberland / Fort Beauséjour-Fort Cumberland
Fort Gaspareaux / Fort-Gaspareaux
La Coupe Dry Dock / Cale-Sèche-La Coupe
Monument-Lefebvre / Monument-Lefebvre
St. Andrews Blockhouse / Blockhaus-de-St. Andrews

Please consult Park Summaries / Résumés parc for a complete list including site descriptions.


New eLibrary Additions

The Battle of Vimy Ridge / La bataille de la crête de Vimy (Veterans Affairs Canada, January 2017)

Acadian History in the Isthmus of Chignecto Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 29 (Margaret Coleman, Parks Canada, 1968)

The La Coupe Site Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 30 (Norman F. Barka, Parks Canada, 1970)

St. Andrews, N.B.: Miscellaneous Reports Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 134 (Parks Canada, 1965-66)
The West Blockhouse St. Andrews, N.B.; A Structural Report (George C. Ingram)
West Blockhouse St. Andrews, N.B; Report of Examination and Recommendations for Restoration (John R. Stevens)
The Early History of St. Andrews, New Brunswick, 1784-1814 (Richard J. Diubaldo)
Excavations at St. Andrews Blockhouse, St. Andrews, N.B. (DiAnn Herst)

The Saint John Fire Command during World War Two Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 388 (R.H. McDonald, Parks Canada, 1978)

Study Of The Metal Artifacts From Fort Gaspareaux Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 440 (Barbara J. Wade, Parks Canada, 1975)

The Isthmus of Chignecto: An Archaeological Site Survey of Acadian Settlements, 1670-1755 Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 143 (Pierre Nadon, 1968)

Report on the 1972 Excavation of Two Acadian Houses at Grand Pre National Historic Park, Nova Scotia Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 143 (E. Frank Korvemaker, 1972)

The Early Court Houses of New Brunswick Manuscript Report Number/Travail inédit numéro 290 (C.A. Hale, 1977)

Reactive Monitoring Mission to Wood Buffalo National Park, Canada, 25 September - 4 October 2016 (UNESCO, March 2017)

Akwesasne Snapshots — What We've Done / Coup d'œil sur Akwesasne — Réalisations (Parks Canada, c2009)

Common Mammals of Mount Revelstoke and Glacier national parks / Les mammifières communs des parcs nationaux du Mont-Revelstoke et des Glaciers (Parks Canada, undated)

Recovery Strategy for the Northern Saw-whet Owl brooksi subspecies (Aegolius acadicus brooksi) in Canada / Programme de rétablissement de la Petite Nyctale de la sous-espèce brooksi (Aegolius acadicus brooksi) au Canada Species at Risk Act Recovery Strategy Series (Parks Canada, 2014, ©Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, represented by the Minister of the Environment)

Recovery Strategy for the Woodland Caribou, Southern Mountain population (Rangifer tarandus caribou) in Canada / Programme de rétablissement du caribou des bois (Rangifer tarandus caribou) population des montagnes du Sud au Canada Species at Risk Act Recovery Strategy Series (Parks Canada, 2014, ©Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, represented by the Minister of the Environment)

Welcome to Mount Revelstoke National Park and the Meadows in the Sky Parkway / Bienvenue au parc national du Mont-Revelstoke et de la Promenade des Prés-Dans-Le-Ciel (Parks Canada, undated)

Review of Park Herbaria and Files for Kootenay, Yoho, and Mount Revelstoke & Glacier National Parks (J. Williams Consulting, December 1995)

A Conceptual Proposal for Responsible Experiential Enhancement at Maligne Lake (Maligne Tours Ltd., undated)

Wildlife-Human Interactions in National Parks in Canada and the USA (Alistair J. Bath and Jody W. Enck, National Park Service, Social Science Research Review Vol. 4 No. 1, Summer 2003)

Survey of the Fish Assemblages of St. Lawrence Islands National Park in 2005 (Parks Canada, 2006)

Conserving Borderline Species: A Partnership between the United States and Canada / La conservation de espèces transfrontalières: Un partenariat entre le Canada et les États-Unis (©Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada, 2001)

The Icefields Trail, Jasper National Park
English: Consultation and Engagement, Project Proposal, Maps, Environmental Impact Analysis Process (Parks Canada, 2016-2017)
French: Consultation et mobilisation, Proposition de projet, Carte, Processus d'analyse d'impact environnemental (Parks Canada, 2016-2017)

Conservation Canada: Vol. 4 No. 2, Summer/élé 1978Vol. 4 No. 3, Autumn/automne 1977 (Parks Canada)



Friends of Canada's National Parks
Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society National Trust for Canada Network in Canadian History and Environment George Wright Society Canadian Parks Council

NPS History For information about the (U.S.) National Park Service, please visit our companion Website: NPSHistory.com


Please Note: Publications produced by Parks Canada, Environment Canada, and Natural Resources Canada are not in the public domain but are copyrighted by the Government of Canada (Crown). The electronic editions of these publications are for non-commercial purposes and do not permit re-use; please respect these copyright-holders by merely linking to this content and not re-posting. Please consult with the appropriate Government of Canada agencies for additional copyright clearance information. Due diligence has been employed in scanning these documents in an attempt to ensure the accuracy of the materials reproduced; however, these should not be viewed as official versions of the original nor having been made in affiliation with or with the endorsement of Parks Canada, Environment Canada, or Natural Resources Canada. Most of the electronic documents were scanned from the English-language edition of these publications, though we endeavour to provide either dual-language or French-language editions when possible. Copies of License to Reproduce Copyrighted Works Owned by the Crown obtained from these agencies graciously permitting these digital reproductions are on file.

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